Create Bootable USB Flash Drive to Install Windows 10  

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  1. Berton's Avatar
    Posts : 10,526
    Win10 Pro Versions 2004 and 2009/20H2, Win10 Pro IP_Dev, Win10 Home 1909
       #480

    I've only done a Clean install of Win10 on a blank drive, no partitions. I use GPARTED to completely clean the drives to get them back to their as-shipped condition. I've never had to make a choice, just let Windows partition and format as needed then deal whatever is left over [usually nothing]. An advantage to wiping a drive is to assure there's no 'nasty' such as a rootkit hanging around.
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  2. Matthew Wai's Avatar
    Posts : 5,085
    Windows 10 Home 20H2
       #481

    frozensun said:
    And I understood,if I want to install it on desktop I boot from "USB device with UEFI support) if it's Kingston that means UEFI:Kingston 2.0 something like that right?
    In my example below, it is "UEFI: KingstonDataTraveler 3.0PMAP".
    Note that my "KingstonDataTraveler 2.01.00" is not bootable.

    Create Bootable USB Flash Drive to Install Windows 10-img_20200325_121737.jpg

    Berton said:
    I use GPARTED to completely clean the drives to get them back to their as-shipped condition.
    The same can be done with the command Clean via DiskPart.
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  3. Posts : 117
    Windows 10
       #482

    Brink said:
    Normally, it would say BIOS or UEFI instead of BIOS (UEFI with CMS support) for Target System.Just to verify, did you do all the steps in step 6 of option 2?
    Yes,but it is written UEFI with CMS not just UEFI,what is CMS?
    I made installation, chose MBR and BIOS/UEFI w/CMS support.
    Now I can use it with any machine,right,but on UEFI systems I choose what you mentioned above while booting system?Okay now?
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  4. inwell's Avatar
    Posts : 92
    Win10 Pro
       #483

    frozensun said:
    Yes,but it is written UEFI with CMS not just UEFI,what is CMS?
    I made installation, chose MBR and BIOS/UEFI w/CMS support.
    Now I can use it with any machine,right,but on UEFI systems I choose what you mentioned above while booting system?Okay now?
    CSM is Compatibility Support Module in other words its Legacy bios settings on UEFI systems.(So that on newer hardware its possible for you to use MBR disks and older operating systrms .This is very basic what i can think of CSM.
    Once you create usb via rufus (MBR + UEFI or BIOS + NTFS ) you can boot this drive in both the systems.If you select UEFI prefix in boot selection menu you will boot in UEFI or if you choose non uefi prefix drive,you will boot in Legacy/Bios mode.
    In UEFI boot blank hdd will be automatically created as GPT .If disk is not blank you manually need to convert it to GPT from MBR.
    Same with legacy boot,blank hdd will be converted to MBR automatically .Non empty disk needs to be converted manually from GPT to MBR if necessary.
    Last edited by inwell; 25 Mar 2020 at 07:08.
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  5. Matthew Wai's Avatar
    Posts : 5,085
    Windows 10 Home 20H2
       #484

    frozensun said:
    Yes,but it is written UEFI with CMS not just UEFI,what is CMS?
    If you had taken step 6 under option two, it would have displayed "BIOS or UEFI" rather than "UEFI with CMS". So, I suppose that you have not taken the step. Is there a reason why you refuse to take it?
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  6. TheKnight's Avatar
    Posts : 7
    Windows 10 Pro 64 bit
       #485

    Many thanks for the Tutorial
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  7. Brink's Avatar
    Posts : 56,333
    64-bit Windows 10 Pro for Workstations build 21359
    Thread Starter
       #486

    TheKnight said:
    Many thanks for the Tutorial
    I'm glad it could help, and welcome to Ten Forums.
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  8. sportsfan148's Avatar
    Posts : 971
    Windows 10 Home 202H
       #487

    My question applies to the instructions given in Option Four: Manually create Bootable Windows 10 USB for Legacy BIOS and UEFI in Command Prompt.
    I have a USB flash drive that was last successfully used by the Media Creation Tool a few months ago to create a bootable Windows 10 flash drive. However, I don't want to use the Media Creation Tool this time to create bootable media. I plan to use the Media Creation Tool only to download the ISO and then mount the ISO and manually copy the files onto a flash drive.
    My PC is UEFI boot only not Legacy boot. Do I have to go through all the Diskpart commands to prepare the USB flash drive again before mounting the ISO and copying the files onto the drive?
    OR
    Is it sufficient to just wipe this flash drive by performing a FAT32 format on it using file explorer so that the drive is empty rather than going through all the Diskpart commands again to prepare the drive? If so, after formatting the flash drive I could simply mount the ISO and copy the files onto the flash drive.
    I am just wondering if the Media Creation Tool having created bootable media on the drive before could have done something to the USB flash drive at that time meaning that it has to be cleaned and prepared with Diskpart again?
    Last edited by sportsfan148; 22 Apr 2020 at 04:32.
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  9. jimbo45's Avatar
    Posts : 10,483
    Windows / Linux : Arch Linux
       #488

    sportsfan148 said:
    My question applies to the instructions given in Option Four: Manually create Bootable Windows 10 USB for Legacy BIOS and UEFI in Command Prompt.
    I have a USB flash drive that was last successfully used by the Media Creation Tool a few months ago to create a bootable Windows 10 flash drive. However, I don't want to use the Media Creation Tool this time to create bootable media. I plan to use the Media Creation Tool only to download the ISO and then mount the ISO and manually copy the files onto a flash drive.
    Do I have to go through all the Diskpart commands to prepare the USB flash drive again before mounting the ISO and copying the files onto the drive?
    OR
    Is it sufficient to just wipe this flash drive by performing a FAT32 format on it using file explorer so that the drive is empty rather than going through all the Diskpart commands again to prepare the drive? If so, after formatting the flash drive I could simply mount the ISO and copy the files onto the flash drive.
    I am wondering if the Media Creation Tool does something to the USB flash drive that means it has to be cleaned and prepared with Diskpart again?
    Hi there
    easiest way -- absolutely no formatting etc required

    1) download any Linux Distro and boot it
    2) plug in the USB, open terminal / console and type : lsblk -- you'll see a list /dev/sdx of devices -- assume the USB is /dev/sdb
    3) type sudo su to get into root mode on the live distro
    4) now simply type the following : dd if=input_file_name_of_the -iso of=/dev/sdb bs=64M status=progress

    probably take around 10 mins for a 4GB windows iso image depending on the quality of the USB stick and the computer

    reboot with the USB device --- job done -- the dd command doesn't know or care about file systems or formatting --just copied physical data -- I find that far better than fiddling around with Diskpart commands, GPT/MBR things etc.

    If you need to do it purely in Windows then rufus is the easiest tools - usually works OK but not always 100% of the time.

    Cheers
    jimbo
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  10. sportsfan148's Avatar
    Posts : 971
    Windows 10 Home 202H
       #489

    jimbo45 said:
    Hi there
    easiest way -- absolutely no formatting etc required

    1) download any Linux Distro and boot it
    2) plug in the USB, open terminal / console and type : lsblk -- you'll see a list /dev/sdx of devices -- assume the USB is /dev/sdb
    3) type sudo su to get into root mode on the live distro
    4) now simply type the following : dd if=input_file_name_of_the -iso of=/dev/sdb bs=64M status=progress

    probably take around 10 mins for a 4GB windows iso image depending on the quality of the USB stick and the computer

    reboot with the USB device --- job done -- the dd command doesn't know or care about file systems or formatting --just copied physical data -- I find that far better than fiddling around with Diskpart commands, GPT/MBR things etc.

    If you need to do it purely in Windows then rufus is the easiest tools - usually works OK but not always 100% of the time.

    Cheers
    jimbo
    Hi Jimbo. Thanks for the advice mate but I like to stick to what Im familiar with in Windows. As for Rufus...I have used it in the past but prefer not to use it now. That's why I was asking for clarification on Option Four in the Tutorial as its a method I'd like to try at some point
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