Microsoft has posted a downloadable troubleshooter to temporarily prevent Windows 10 from installing updates that may be causing problems. It works by hiding the update(s) you choose from a list of available updates, pretty much as worked in previous Windows versions. The only thing MS doesn't say is that after you uninstall an update, it takes several minutes for the update to appear in the troubleshooter. The troubleshooter does not install in Windows; it's a standalone app which I saved to my desktop for easy access.

It's at

I came across this because update KB3132372, a Flash patch MS pushed on 12/29/15, is causing problems with a few apps. I uninstalled it earlier this evening, and it re-installed within two hours.