DISKPART - How to Partition GPT disk

    DISKPART - How to Partition GPT disk

    How to Use DISKPART Script to Partition GPT Disk for Single and Dual Boot Scenarios
    Published by Category: Installation & Upgrade
    24 Oct 2017
    Designer Media Ltd

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    Kari's Avatar
    Finnish but not finished


    Location: A Finnish expat in Germany
    Posts: 12,940

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    information   Information
    Some time ago in another thread I promised a fellow Ten Forums member, esteemed geek and a good friend of mine Tony (HippsieGypsie) to make him a custom DISKPART script when needed:

    Quote Originally Posted by Kari View Post
    Quote Originally Posted by HippsieGypsie View Post
    My system at present is MBR. When the Fall update is released I want to convert to GPT. This will make it a whole lot easier.
    Just let me know when you need a DISKPART script, I can make a custom script to you based on how you want to partition the system disk (disk where Windows will be installed). The script I posted is quite basic, to partition a disk where all available space after system partitions will be used for Windows partition. In case you want more data partitions on the same disk, the script needs to be modified.
    Well, a few days ago Tony sent a PM telling what he wants to do: Dual boot Windows 10 Fall Creators Update and Fast Ring Windows Insider Fast Ring builds, doing this on small 120 GB SSD which is currently partitioned as an MBR disk but should be partitioned as GPT disk in new dual boot setup. He also has an additional 2 TB HDD for data. Instead of simply replying to him, I decided to make a tutorial about this process because this might benefit other fellow members, too.

    This tutorial could have been named as "Dual Boot - The Easy Way"

    In this tutorial we will use DISKPART to convert an MBR disk to GPT, partition the disk following Microsoft's guidelines, and install two operating systems on it (we'll cover single OS partitioning and setup, too).

    Here's a screenshot of Tony's Disk Management before we start:
    Click image for larger version. 

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    (Click to enlarge.)


    Note   Note
    Please notice that although the tutorial might look somewhat long and complicated, procedure itself to use DISKPART script to partition HDD and install two operating systems as told in this tutorial is quite easy. If you are not interested in "under the hood" information about DISKPART, how the script works and want to get going faster, grab the script from step 2.3, and jump directly to step 3.1.




    DISKPART - How to Partition GPT disk Contents DISKPART - How to Partition GPT disk
     Use links below to go to any step, back button of your browser to return to this list.


    Step One: Preparations - Create USB install media
    Step Two: Preparations - Create DISKPART Script
    Step Three: Boot from USB
    Step Four: Run DISKPART script
    Step Five: Install Primary OS
    Step Six: Install Secondary OS




    DISKPART - How to Partition GPT disk Step One DISKPART - How to Partition GPT disk
     Preparations - Create USB install media

    1.1) Download Windows 10 ISO image or create one from Insider or Feature Upgrade UUP files:

    1.2) Create a bootable USB flash drive install media for Windows 10 version and edition you want to install (primary operating system in dual boot) as told in following tutorial: PowerShell Scripting - Create USB Install Media for Windows 10 Installation Upgrade Tutorials




    DISKPART - How to Partition GPT disk Step Two DISKPART - How to Partition GPT disk
     Preparations - Create DISKPART Script

    2.1) A DISKPART script is a text file with extension .txt containing all necessary DISKPART commands. It can be made and edited with Notepad

    2.2) Each line is one command with possible parameters. A line starting with REM (remark, not case sensitive) will be ignored, allowing explanations and comments to be added. Even if the script will only be used by yourself, I recommend adding as many REM lines as required to help you to better remember, understand and see what script does also in the future

    2.3) The script I made for Tony is in CODE box below, with REM lines to explain what each command is doing. You can and of course should edit it to meet your needs. We will go through the script command by command but for those anxious to get started, just copy the script, paste it in Notepad and edit.

    Script One: DISKPART script to partition a HDD / SSD for dual boot, or for separate Windows and Data partitions:

    Code:
    rem DISKPART script for single disk dual boot
    rem OS 1: Windows 10 Fall Creators Update (W10 FCU)
    rem OS 2: Windows 10 Insider Preview (W10 IP)
    rem ---------------------------------------------------
    rem Select Disk, wipe it empty, convert to GPT
    rem 
    select disk 0
    clean
    convert gpt
    rem
    rem ---------------------------------------------------
    rem Create & format 100 MB EFI System partition 
    rem 
    create partition efi size=100
    format quick fs=fat32 label="System"
    rem
    rem ---------------------------------------------------
    rem Create 16 MB MSR partition (will not be formatted)
    rem 
    create partition msr size=16
    rem
    rem ---------------------------------------------------
    rem Create a 52 GB (53,248 MB) partition for primary OS
    rem 
    create partition primary size=53248
    rem
    rem ---------------------------------------------------
    rem Format OS partition, label it, assign drive letter
    rem W. Windows Setup will change this drive letter to C
    rem when installed. It's important now to use a not
    rem reserved letter, therefore we use a letter from
    rem end of alphabet
    rem 
    format quick fs=ntfs label="W10 FCU"
    assign letter="W"
    rem
    rem ---------------------------------------------------
    rem Create & format a 450 MB recovery partition.
    rem Notice that ID must be set exactly as shown! 
    rem 
    create partition primary size=450
    format quick fs=ntfs label="WinRE"
    set id="de94bba4-06d1-4d40-a16a-bfd50179d6ac"
    rem
    rem ---------------------------------------------------
    rem Create partition for 2nd OS using all free space
    rem 
    create partition primary
    rem
    rem ---------------------------------------------------
    rem Format 2nd OS partition, label it, no drive letter
    rem 
    format quick fs=ntfs label="W10 IP"
    rem
    rem ---------------------------------------------------
    rem Exit Diskpart 
    rem 
    exit

    Script Two: An alternative DISKPART script to partition a HDD / SSD for single OS assigning all available space to system (Windows) partition:

    Code:
    rem DISKPART script for single disk dual boot
    rem OS: Windows 10 (any version & edition)
    rem ---------------------------------------------------
    rem Select Disk, wipe it empty, convert to GPT
    rem 
    select disk 0
    clean
    convert gpt
    rem
    rem ---------------------------------------------------
    rem Create & format 100 MB EFI System partition 
    rem 
    create partition efi size=100
    format quick fs=fat32 label="System"
    rem
    rem ---------------------------------------------------
    rem Create 16 MB MSR partition (will not be formatted)
    rem 
    create partition msr size=16
    rem
    rem ---------------------------------------------------
    rem Create OS partition using all available space, 
    rem shrink it with 450 MB to leave space at end of HDD
    rem for WinRE partition
    rem 
    create partition primary 
    shrink minimum=450
    rem
    rem ---------------------------------------------------
    rem Format OS partition, label it, assign drive letter
    rem W. Windows Setup will change this drive letter to C
    rem when installed. It's important now to use a not
    rem reserved letter, therefore we use a letter from
    rem end of alphabet
    rem 
    format quick fs=ntfs label="Windows 10"
    assign letter="W"
    rem
    rem ---------------------------------------------------
    rem Create & format WinRE recovery partition at the 
    rem end of the disk. Not defining the size, it will use
    rem all available space, 500 MB that we shrunk OS
    rem partition with. Notice that ID must be set exactly
    rem as shown! 
    rem 
    create partition primary
    format quick fs=ntfs label="WinRE"
    set id="de94bba4-06d1-4d40-a16a-bfd50179d6ac"
    rem
    rem ---------------------------------------------------
    rem Exit Diskpart 
    rem 
    exit

    2.4) First set of DISKPART commands in script selects DISK 0, the primary disk which in most cases is correct (more about this in step 3.4), the disk where Windows will be installed, then wipes it clean and finally converts disk to GPT even if the disk previously already was a GPT disk:

    sel disk 0

    clean

    convert gpt

    Note   Note
    If you are using DISKPART command line entering commands one by one instead of running script, you need first to start DISKPART with command diskpart, then enter above commands one by one pressing ENTER after each command. Be careful, selected disk will be wiped clean without any warnings (how to check disk ID, see Step 3.4)!


    2.5) The first partition will be a 100 MB EFI system partition formatted in FAT32 file system. We will create, format and label it with following two commands:

    create partition efi size=100

    format quick fs=fat32 label="System"

    2.6) Next, the 16 MB MSR (Microsoft Reserved) partition. This partition will not be formatted, nor will it get a label:

    create partition msr size=16

    2.7) Now the primary OS partition. In this example using Tony's 120 GB SSD, I will make it a 52 GB (53,248 MB) partition. You can of course make the partition exactly as big or small as you wish, minimum size recommended for Windows 10 is 25 GB:

    create partition primary size=53248
    Note   Note
    If you are partitioning disk only for a single Windows partition using all disk capacity (Script Two in step 2.3), use following commands to create Windows and WinRE partitions and jump then to step 2.11 skipping 2.8 through 2.10:

    Code:
    create partition primary
    shrink minimum=450
    format quick fs=ntfs label="Windows"
    create partition primary
    format quick fs=ntfs label="WinRE"
    set id="de94bba4-06d1-4d40-a16a-bfd50179d6ac"

    The above set of DISKPART commands first creates a partition for Windows using all available space, then shrinks it from end of partition with 450 MB and then creates a 450 MB WinRE partition on that space.

    2.8) I will format OS partition as NTFS and label it as W10 FCU, assigning it drive letter W: (I can't use currently reserved drive letters, Windows setup will later automatically change it to C:):

    format quick fs=ntfs label="W10 FCU"

    assign letter="W"

    2.9) The recovery partition (WinRE) will be placed between primary OS partition and secondary OS partition. WinRE partition is the only partition that can expand "backwards"; future upgrades requiring more space on WinRE will shrink the C: (primary OS) partition:
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    We will create WinRE partition with following commands. Please notice, WinRE partition requires an ID which must be exactly as shown:

    create partition primary size=450

    format quick fs=ntfs label="WinRE"

    set id="de94bba4-06d1-4d40-a16a-bfd50179d6ac"

    2.10) Finally, we'll create partition for secondary OS using all available space left on disk, format and label it but do not assign a drive letter, then exit DISKPART with following commands:

    create partition primary

    format quick fs=ntfs label="W10 IP"

    exit

    2.11) Save the script as Disk0Config.txt on your Windows install USB
    Note   Note
    A couple of times I've seen a UEFI PC with GPT partitioning to list the boot USB as disk 0, and Windows system disk as disk 1.

    I always prepare myself for this oddity by saving the original script as Disk0Config.txt, then saving another copy of it as Disk1Config.txt with one small but important change: I'll edit disk selection command sel disk 0 as seen in step 2.4, the very first command in script to read sel disk 1, to select disk 1 instead of disk 0.

    This way I am prepared, having a script regardless if the Windows system disk is listed as disk 0 or disk 1.





    DISKPART - How to Partition GPT disk Step Three DISKPART - How to Partition GPT disk
     Boot from USB

    3.1) Boot the PC from your USB flash drive

    3.2) On region and language selection screen, press SHIFT + F10 to open Command Prompt

    3.3) Type diskpart and press Enter to launch Windows Disk Partition Utility DISKPART, type list disk and press Enter to list available disks, type list vol and press Enter to list available volumes, type exit and press Enter to exit DISKPART (commands highlighted with yellow in screenshot in next step)

    3.4) Note the disk number for Windows system disk shown after command list disk. In most cases it is disk 0, but can occasionally be shown as disk 1 (see note in step 2.7). In this sample case it is as it should be, disk 0. Also note the drive letter for your USB install media shown after command list vol. In this example it is drive E:
    Click image for larger version. 

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    DISKPART - How to Partition GPT disk Step Four DISKPART - How to Partition GPT disk
     Run DISKPART script

    4.1) In steps 3.3 & 3.4 I found out that my Windows system disk is disk 0 and USB drive containing Windows setup files and DISKPART scripts is drive E:

    4.2) I can now run DISKPART again, this time telling it with switch /s that I want to run a script Disk0Config.txt (Disk1Config.txt if I had found out that system disk this time had been disk 1):

    diskpart /s E:\Disk0Config.txt

    Script in action (video length 32 seconds):



    4.3) Close Command Prompt





    DISKPART - How to Partition GPT disk Step Five DISKPART - How to Partition GPT disk
     Install Primary OS

    5.1) Continue installation normally:
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    Clean install tutorial: Clean Install Windows 10 Installation Upgrade Tutorials

    5.2) System disk is partitioned exactly as told in script we run in 4.2. Select the Windows partition (partition for primary OS in dual boot scenario) and click Next, in this example my script labelled it as W10 FCU (Fall Creators Update):
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    5.3) Primary OS successfully installed:
    Click image for larger version. 

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    DISKPART - How to Partition GPT disk Step Six DISKPART - How to Partition GPT disk
     Install Secondary OS

    6.1) Open Disk Management, right click partition reserved for secondary OS, select Change Drive Letter and Paths and add a drive letter to this partition. Remember, it is currently without drive letter therefore not shown in Explorer because in DISKPART script we didn't assign any letter to it. See tutorial if you need any help in assigning a drive letter: Change and Assign Drive Letter in Windows 10 Hardware Drivers Tutorials
    Click image for larger version. 

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    In this example I assigned letter Z: to this partition

    6.2) Download (or copy from another PC) ISO image for the secondary OS, for instance a Windows Insider ISO or another edition of same version as primary OS. Mount it as virtual DVD by right clicking ISO file and selecting Mount. Note the drive letter ISO got when mounted. In this example mounted ISO is drive G:

    6.3) Open an elevated PowerShell (tutorial)

    6.4) Type following command and press Enter, replacing drive letter for mounted ISO (G: in this example) in /WimFile switch with actual drive letter:

    dism /Get-WimInfo /WimFile:G:\Sources\install.wim

    Note the index number to the edition you want to install as secondary OS. In this example I want to install Enterprise edition, index 3:
    Click image for larger version. 

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    Note   Note
    Default path to install.wim file is DRIVE:\Sources\install.wim. If you are using an ESD based ISO, or a dual bit architecture ISO, you need to change the path in above command accordingly:
    - In an ESD based ISO the path is DRIVE:\Sources\install.esd
    - In dual bit architecture ISO the path is DRIVE:\x86\Sources\install.wim (or install.esd) for 32 bit W10
    -
    In dual bit architecture ISO the path is DRIVE:\x64\Sources\install.wim (or install.esd) for 64 bit W10

    6.5) Type the following command, replacing drive letter for secondary OS partition (Z:\ in this example) in /ApplyDir switch and mounted ISO drive letter (G: in this example) in /ImageFile switch. Same rules apply as in note in step 6.4 if you are using an ESD based ISO or a dual bit architecture ISO. Be sure to use correct index number:

    dism /Apply-Image /ImageFile:G:\Sources\install.wim /index:3 /ApplyDir:Z:\

    6.6) Press Enter, installation starts:
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    Depending on your hardware performance, this takes anything from a minute and a half to 10 minutes. You can freely browse the web or use your PC for anything else while DISM applies Windows image for your secondary OS, Windows is quite good in multitasking

    6.7) When done, the secondary Windows needs to be added to boot menu. Do this with following command (#1 in screenshot in step 6.11), replacing the secondary OS drive letter (Z: in this example) with the actual one:

    bcdboot Z:\Windows

    6.8) Secondary OS was added as default OS to boot menu, the OS which will be booted if user makes no selection within given timeframe (30 seconds by default). We leave it as default OS for now

    6.9) All Windows 10 operating systems are by default listed as Windows 10 on boot menu, regardless of their edition. It is better to change boot entry names to more individual ones, to be sure correct OS will be selected when boot menu is shown. For that we will need command bcdedit. However, as bcdedit switches do not work in PowerShell we need first switch PowerShell to Command Prompt mode.

    This is done with a simple command cmd (#2 in screenshot in 6.11)

    6.10) As the secondary OS is at the moment the default OS, its identifier is {default}. I want to change its description, boot menu entry to W10 Enterprise, doing it with following command (#3 in screenshot in 6.11, description in quotes if it contains spaces):

    bcdedit /set {default} description "W10 Enterprise"

    6.11) Current OS we are booted to at the moment, the primary one has identifier {current}. I want to change it to W10 Pro (#4 in screenshot):

    bcdedit /set {current} description "W10 Pro"
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    6.12) Close PowerShell, restart PC

    6.13) We left secondary OS default for now because finalizing Windows setup still needs two restarts. Being default OS it will be automatically booted if user makes no selection within given timeframe, by default 30 seconds:
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    You can leave PC to finish setting up secondary OS and restart to it and have a break

    6.14) When on desktop after secondary OS has finished the setup, press WIN + R to open RUN prompt, type msconfig and press Enter to open System Configuration. Select the Boot tab, select your primary OS and click Set as default. Click OK to confirm:
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    6.15) Click restart and boot back to primary OS:
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    6.16) Both operating systems have now been installed, primary OS set as default:
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    That's it geeks!

    Kari
  1.    3 Weeks Ago #1
    Join Date : Nov 2013
    Chicagoland
    Posts : 33,697
    Dual boot Windows 10 FCU Pro x 64 & Insider 10 Pro

    Oh good! Thanks so much, Kari.

    I feel like a kid opening my Erector Set - Wikipedia on Christmas morning. Played with that thing for hours.

    Automated scripting is the cat's meow.
      My ComputersSystem Spec
  2.    3 Weeks Ago #2
    Join Date : Oct 2013
    A Finnish expat in Germany
    Posts : 12,940
    Windows 10 Pro
    Thread Starter

    Quote Originally Posted by HippsieGypsie View Post
    Oh good! Thanks so much, Kari.

    I feel like a kid opening my Erector Set - Wikipedia on Christmas morning. Played with that thing for hours.

    Automated scripting is the cat's meow.
    I think that Step 6, how to deploy secondary OS instead of traditionally installing it at boot might interest you, too. Easier and somewhat faster than "normal" clean install. I call the method "Dual boot - The Easy Way!".
      My ComputerSystem Spec
  3.    3 Weeks Ago #3
    Join Date : Jan 2017
    Turku
    Posts : 1,768
    Windows 10 Pro IP Build 16299.19 (Branch: RS3 Release)

    Thank @Kari

    An awesome tutorial yet again!
      My ComputersSystem Spec
  4.    3 Weeks Ago #4
    Join Date : Nov 2013
    Chicagoland
    Posts : 33,697
    Dual boot Windows 10 FCU Pro x 64 & Insider 10 Pro

    Quote Originally Posted by Kari View Post
    I think that Step 6, how to deploy secondary OS instead of traditionally installing it at boot might interest you, too. Easier and somewhat faster than "normal" clean install. I call the method "Dual boot - The Easy Way!".
      My ComputersSystem Spec
  5.    2 Weeks Ago #5
    Join Date : Feb 2017
    Santo Andre - Sao Paulo
    Posts : 10
    Windows 10 @ 64 bits

    Awesome...

    Easy to work with 2 OSs!!

      My ComputerSystem Spec

 


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