Create Bootable USB Flash Drive to Install Windows 10  

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  1. Brink's Avatar
    Posts : 56,333
    64-bit Windows 10 Pro for Workstations build 21359
    Thread Starter
       #530

    Eaglepi said:
    Thanks guys, I got my USB done with the latest version.

    It did take me 2 times because I misunderstood one step.

    In the tutorial it says in step 6,
    6
    Uncheck the Use the recommended options for this PC box. (see screenshot below)

    Leaving the Use the recommended options for this PC box checked will have the Media Creation Tool create a USB flash drive that's the same language, edition, and architecture as the current PC.
    Even though it clearly states to Uncheck the Use the recommended options for this PC box. (see screenshot below)

    After reading the second part I asked myself why wouldn't I want it the same as this PC??? Then I thought about ti and I'm sure you uncheck it in case you ever have a different PC you need to install windows 10 on. Somethings I over think things.......lol

    I also realized that the last USB I made was wrong it was a ISO, this one is correct!!!

    Shawn you rock! and thanks for the confirmation Berton !!
    You're most welcome.
      My Computers

  2. Try3's Avatar
    Posts : 7,451
    Windows 10 Home x64 Version 20H2 Build 19042.928
       #531

    Shawn,

    In Option 4 step 10, you could tell people that they can just use format fs=exfat quick to cope with their install.wim being over 4GB [my current one is 4.29GB - Ver 1909 x64 en-GB].

    There's no need for them to consider splitting the wim, reducing it to single-Edition [the Dell procedure] or any of the other possibilities that have been discussed.

    I use ExFat for my installation USBs and they boot in both legacy and uefi.
    I get my ISOs from TechBench [Download Windows 10 ISO File from MS [TechBench by WZT] - TenForumsTutorials].

    Denis
      My Computer

  3. Brink's Avatar
    Posts : 56,333
    64-bit Windows 10 Pro for Workstations build 21359
    Thread Starter
       #532

    Try3 said:
    Shawn,

    In Option 4 step 10, you could tell people that they can just use format fs=exfat quick to cope with their install.wim being over 4GB [my current one is 4.29GB - Ver 1909 x64 en-GB].

    There's no need for them to consider splitting the wim, reducing it to single-Edition [the Dell procedure] or any of the other possibilities that have been discussed.

    I use ExFat for my installation USBs and they boot in both legacy and uefi.
    I get my ISOs from TechBench [Download Windows 10 ISO File from MS [TechBench by WZT] - TenForumsTutorials].

    Denis
    Thank you Denis.

    I added a note under the step for this to help.
      My Computers


  4. Posts : 358
    Windows 10
       #533

    Not all computers boot from an exFAT partition.
      My Computer

  5. Brink's Avatar
    Posts : 56,333
    64-bit Windows 10 Pro for Workstations build 21359
    Thread Starter
       #534

    Media Creation Tool (MCT) has now been updated.

    The ISO file or USB created by MCT will now install Windows 10 version 2004 build 19041.450

    Create Bootable USB Flash Drive to Install Windows 10-mediacreationtool2004.png
      My Computers

  6. Try3's Avatar
    Posts : 7,451
    Windows 10 Home x64 Version 20H2 Build 19042.928
       #535

    Anibor said:
    Not all computers boot from an exFAT partition.
    Thanks for this. You are correct.
    I have now found that one of my computers cannot boot from exFat but only from Fat32.

    I don't know what the substantial difference is between this computer and the others.

    Denis
      My Computer

  7. jimbo45's Avatar
    Posts : 10,484
    Windows / Linux : Arch Linux
       #536

    Try3 said:
    Thanks for this. You are correct.
    I have now found that one of my computers cannot boot from exFat but only from Fat32.

    I don't know what the substantial difference is between this computer and the others.

    Denis
    BIOS chips aren't all exactly equal even if they report same version etc -- computer hardware companies source the Bios chips from all sorts of places so it's not guaranteed that they will be identical in every respect.

    However a firmware update if the machine is fairly recent might do the trick -- I wouldn't worry about that though.

    If you really want to use exfat on USB etc - you can always create a small /boot partition with fat32 and use the rest of the device as exfat.

    Cheers
    jimbo
      My Computer

  8. Try3's Avatar
    Posts : 7,451
    Windows 10 Home x64 Version 20H2 Build 19042.928
       #537

    Create Edition-specific Fat32 InstallUSB


    Brink,

    This post has been written to assist people who can only boot from Fat32.
    [My problem computer, that boots from Fat32 only, is a Chuwi tablet-with-keyboard. My newest proper computers are both happy to boot from exFat / NTFS but the least capable computer becomes the key factor in this situation.]

    Now that I've found a computer that will not boot from exFat, I've had to look into the Dell procedure that was linked to earlier.
    Windows 10 ISO contains WIM file that is big for FAT32 file system - Dell
    When the install.wim file is bigger than 4GB and you cannot copy ISO contents onto a Fat32 drive using normal methods, Dell suggest
    1 Extracting a single-Edition version of Install.wim, or
    2 Splitting Install.wim into bite-sized chunks.

    I have tried and tested #1. I built on the Dell procedure to take it through to completion, a finished InstallUSB.
    - I created a Home-only Ver1909 installation USB.
    - The same procedure can be used for other Editions.
    - In fact, the same procedure can be used to build up a multi-Edition version but each additional Edition will make the resultant install.wim file bigger and there can be a point at which it exceeds 4GB and therefore defeats the original purpose.
    - I extracted ISO-USB version information using some of the steps from See Full Details about a Windows 10 ISO file -TenForumsTutorials
    - I did not have to mess about with "K:\x64\sources\install.wim" or "K:\x86\sources\install.wim" subfolder paths because only combined x64-x86 ISOs need to do that.



    This is procedure I used

    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: Create the Edition-specific [Home-only] install.wim ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

    :: Mount the ISO, read its drive letter then use this command to get the index number of the desired specific Edition [for me, Home Edition] and, optionally, copy the command's output into a text file so its list of Editions can readily be checked at any later date.
    Code:
    dism /Get-WimInfo /WimFile:"K:\sources\install.wim"

    :: Put the index number in this command along with the same path to the SourceImage Install.wim and a path to where the DestinationImage install.wim is to be saved. This DestinationImage will become the Edition-specific [for me, Home-only] install.wim file.
    Code:
    dism /Export-Image /SourceImageFile:"K:\sources\install.wim" /SourceIndex:1 /DestinationImageFile:"D:\ISO\EditionSpecific\install.wim"

    :: If you wanted to add more Editions to this output file, even though doing so would make it bigger, then you could simply run the Export-Image command again any number of times with the same Source & Destination install.wim files but with a changed SourceIndex number each time [I've written 2 for this in this sample command].
    Code:
    dism /Export-Image /SourceImageFile:"K:\sources\install.wim" /SourceIndex:2 /DestinationImageFile:"D:\ISO\EditionSpecific\install.wim"

    ::::::::::::::::: Record the Edition-specific [for me, Home-only] install.wim parameters by saving them in a text file that will be put on the InstallUSB :::::::::::::::::

    :: Get Edition [and its index number] within the Edition-specific [for me, Home-only] install.wim. Copy the output to a text file to put on the InstallUSB.
    Code:
    dism /Get-WimInfo /WimFile:"D:\ISO\EditionSpecific\install.wim"

    :: and use the Index number in the next command to show its detailed parameters. Copy the output to a text file to put on the InstallUSB.
    Code:
    dism /Get-WimInfo /WimFile:"D:\ISO\EditionSpecific\install.wim" /index:1

    :: If you had added more Editions to the Edition-specific install.wim file then you could use their Index numbers in repeated Get-WimInfo commands to show their detailed parameters. Copy the output to a text file to put on the InstallUSB.
    Code:
    dism /Get-WimInfo /WimFile:"D:\ISO\EditionSpecific\install.wim" /index:2

    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: Make the Edition-specific [for me, Home-only] USB ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

    :: Format the InstallUSB as Fat32. The full procedure is described in Steps 1-13 of Option 4 of this tutorial.
    :: Mount the ISO.
    :: Copy the ISO contents to the InstallUSB - skip the file when it reports an error trying to copy the too-big original install.wim [Fat32 can only cope with files up to 4GB].
    :: Copy the Edition-specific [for me, Home-only] install.wim to the sources folder on the InstallUSB.
    :: Copy the Edition-specific [for me, Home-only] install.wim parameters text file [see above] onto the InstallUSB so its contents can readily be checked later on. I just stick this file in its root folder.

    :: Optionally, if you intend to use the InstallUSB for storing other files as well, you can hide all its installation contents to guard against accidentally deleting any of them. They still work even when they are hidden.
    :: Select bootmgr in its root folder, right-click, Properties, Hidden, OK. {bootmgr likes to be treated on its own}
    :: Select everything else in its root folder including the subfolders, right-click, Properties, Hidden, OK. {when challenged, choose Apply changes to the selected items only}

    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: Test the Home-only USB ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

    :: Use it to boot each computer in turn.

    Denis
    Last edited by Try3; 25 Nov 2020 at 02:45.
      My Computer

  9. Paul Black's Avatar
    Posts : 12,194
    Win 10 Pro 64-bit v1909 - Build 18363 Custom ISO Install
       #538

    Hello @Denis,

    Try3 said:
    ::::: Record the Home-only install.wim parameters for saving on the InstallUSB :::::
    :: Get the index number of the Home edition within the Home-only install.wim [which I think will always be 1]
    dism /Get-WimInfo /WimFile:"D:\ISO\HomeOnly\install.wim" /index:1
    You are correct because Home is the only index that has been exported, therefore assigning it Index:1.
      My Computer

  10. Try3's Avatar
    Posts : 7,451
    Windows 10 Home x64 Version 20H2 Build 19042.928
       #539

    Paul Black said:
    Hello @Denis,
    You are correct because Home is the only index that has been exported, therefore assigning it Index:1.
    I have not tested extracting anything else. Wim extractions are a new task for me so I did not assume anything during my procedure.

    Denis
      My Computer


 
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