Change name of install.wim

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  1. Posts : 105
    Windows 10 Pro
       #1

    Change name of install.wim


    I would like to change install.wim to win10pro.wim using dsim. Would this screw up installation of windows 10 ??? TIA John
      My Computer


  2. Posts : 3,510
    Windows 11 Pro, 22H2
       #2

    Yes, this would cause problems. Windows setup specifically looks for a file named install.wim or install.esd.

    Could you tell me what it is you hope to accomplish by changing the name? If I have an understanding of what your goal is then maybe I can make some suggestions.

    EDIT: In addition, why use DISM just to rename the file? Clearly, there are some details I'm missing
      My Computers


  3. Posts : 105
    Windows 10 Pro
    Thread Starter
       #3

    I was trying to make sure that the install.win was pro and not home. Everything I reinstall windows I get home.
    When I use the dism index #, I use 6 for pro. But when I install windows I get home. Can you help me?

    - - - Updated - - -

    Also because I'm take pro out of the esd. And putting it on a USB flash 8 gig hard drive.
      My Computer


  4. Posts : 3,510
    Windows 11 Pro, 22H2
       #4

    Ahh, yes. I can help you. VERY easy to remedy this. Bear with me a few minutes. I want to get in front of my desktop PC first which will be just a few minutes. Then it will take me a few minutes to type up the solution. Look for a response from me in roughly 30 minutes.
      My Computers


  5. Posts : 3,510
    Windows 11 Pro, 22H2
       #5

    So, let's start with an explanation of why you are seeing the behavior that you are seeing:

    When you purchase a PC from a major vendor such as HP, Dell, MSI, ASUS, etc. they ship that machine with a version of Windows, usually Home or Pro. In the BIOS is contained a signature that Windows setup can read which in effect says "hey, I was shipped with Windows Home edition". As a result, when you try to reinstall Windows, Windows thinks it's being helpful by automatically installing that same edition of Windows, removing one decision for the average user who might not even know what edition of Windows they have licensed.

    Now, the solution (EXTREMELY SIMPLE!).

    Create a text file with these two lines of text in it:

    [Channel]
    Retail

    Save the file with the name "ei.cfg" and make sure it does NOT have a .TXT filename extension.

    Save that file to the \sources folder on your Windows installation media.

    That's literally all you need to do. If your Windows media has more than one edition of Windows on it, it will now ask you which edition to install.

    NOTE: If you install from a flash drive it's easy to drop that file onto the flash drive. If you use a DVD you will need to re-burn the DVD with this change made to it. If you need help doing this, please let me know, I can help.

    Let me know if this works for you!

    EDIT: I should point out that if you build your own computer using a motherboard from ASUS, MSI, etc. then the BIOS contains no such signature so creating and deploying an ei.cfg file is not necessary on such a system. However, having the file there will not hurt anything. As a result, I always place a copy of that file on all my images.
      My Computers


  6. Posts : 3,510
    Windows 11 Pro, 22H2
       #6

    One additional note:

    You may not be doing unattended installations of windows, but I thought that I would simply add this little piece of information for the sake of completeness for anyone else following this discussion.

    If you perform an unattended installation of Windows using an autounattend.xml answer file, then an ei.cfg is not necessary, although, once again, it will not hurt anything if it is there. This is because an answer file will specifically call out what edition of Windows is to be installed by virtue of the generic product key that you provide. For example, if you provide a Windows Pro edition key, then setup knows that it is expected to install the Pro edition and no ei.cfg file is necessary.
      My Computers


  7. Posts : 105
    Windows 10 Pro
    Thread Starter
       #7

    If I am creating a 8 gig usb flash drive. Split into 2 partitions. 1 1meg "boot "and the other 7g "sources" partition .
    Questions:
    Where does the ei.cfg go ?
    Question 2: do I leave the files in the sources directory or do I copy them out of the sources directory .
    John
      My Computer


  8. Posts : 4,517
    Windows 7 HP 64 - Windows 10 Pro - Lubuntu
       #8

    You can create a USB Win 10 installation drive using a Win 10 installation iso. Mont the iso, extract the files to a folder, add the ei.cfg file and copy all files an folders to the USB drive created (see tutorial)
    Create Bootable USB Flash Drive to Install Windows 10

    Fat32 is needed to boot as UEFI to install as UEFI, but Fat32 has a 4G file limitation.
    If you have sources\install.wim (bigger than 4G) instead of sources\install.esd, (compressed, smaller than 4G) you have to split and replace install.wim with the install.swm files (two files smaller than 4G each).
    Run this cmd inside the \sources folder an when done delete install.wim, and then copy all files an folders to the USB drive created.
    Dism /Split-Image /ImageFile:install.wim /SWMFile:install.swm /FileSize:3600

    DISM - Split install.wim file
      My Computers


  9. Posts : 3,510
    Windows 11 Pro, 22H2
       #9

    John,

    The ei.cfg gets placed in the \sources folder on the NTFS partition, not the FAT32 partition. To answer your second question, I would need to know exactly what procedure you are using to cretae boot media. Just to make sure that we are on the same page, here is the procedure that I use.

    NOTE: I have a batch file that will do this all for you if you wish. I will include that below. If you use that batch file, I would suggest opening it in notepad and review the notes near the top for user customizable settings. Most likely you will leave those settings as they are but it may be helpful to know what you can change.

    If you have more questions, please feel free to let me know.

    Procedure to make the Windows installation media
    ================================================
    Here is a procedure for creating a bootable Windows installation flash drive using no third-party tools, batch files, or anything other than running a few commands and copying some files.

    I've seen some rare circumstances, such as when a flash drive was configured for GPT, where the media creation tool did not yield a working flash drive. I like this procedure because I have NEVER seen this not work. You will be able to boot it on any system whether that system is BIOS based or UEFI based. In addition, there is no issue with having files that are greater than 4GB in size. I just keep this procedure handy in case I have any difficulties with any other method of creating the boot disk. It may be easier to use Rufus or the Media Creation Tool, but this is still a good reference to keep on hand.

    Here is the procedure:

    1) Begin by having your Windows ISO image available. Double-click that file. That should "mount" the ISO image. This means that the ISO image is opened and assigned a drive letter, much like inserting a DVD in a drive. Take note of the drive letter that File Explorer shows for the image.

    2) Plug in your flash drive if it is not already plugged in.

    3) Press WinLogoKey +R, type in "diskpart" (without the quotes), press <ENTER>.

    4) From the DISKPART> prompt, run this command:

    list disk

    5) From the size of the disks, try to determine which disk your thumb drive is and note the drive number. If that is not enough information, run these commands to get more detail on any disk. In this example, I want more info on disk 4:

    select disk 4
    detail disk

    Here is some sample output:

    DISKPART> list disk

    Disk ### Status Size Free Dyn Gpt
    -------- ------------- ------- ------- --- ---
    Disk 0 Online 476 GB 0 B *
    Disk 1 Online 3726 GB 0 B *
    Disk 2 Online 465 GB 1024 KB *
    Disk 3 Online 7452 GB 0 B *
    Disk 4 Online 238 GB 0 B

    DISKPART> select disk 4

    Disk 4 is now the selected disk.

    DISKPART> detail disk

    SanDisk Extreme Pro USB Device
    Disk ID: DC727760
    Type : USB
    Status : Online
    Path : 0
    Target : 0
    LUN ID : 0
    Location Path : UNAVAILABLE
    Current Read-only State : No
    Read-only : No
    Boot Disk : No
    Pagefile Disk : No
    Hibernation File Disk : No
    Crashdump Disk : No
    Clustered Disk : No

    Volume ### Ltr Label Fs Type Size Status Info
    ---------- --- ----------- ----- ---------- ------- --------- --------
    Volume 7 Z My Software NTFS Removable 238 GB Healthy
    C:\MountPoints\My Software\

    6) When you determine the correct disk, run the commands below while you are still in diskpart. In this example, I have determined that disk 4 is my flash drive. Be sure to select the correct disk number because everything on that disk will be erased!

    clean
    convert mbr
    create partition primary size=1000
    active
    format fs=fat32 label=FLASH1 quick
    assign
    create partition primary
    format fs=ntfs label=FLASH2 quick
    assign
    exit

    NOTE: The assign commands will assign the next available drive letter. If you want to assign a specific drives letter, for example E:, use the command "assign letter=E" rather than just "assign" by itself. Please also note that we are assigning the label "FLASH1" to the first partition, and "FLASH2" to the second partition. The only reason we are doing this is to make these partitions easy to identify when you look at them in File Explorer. You can use any label you like. Just be aware that you are limited to 11 characters for FAT32 (the first partition) and 32 characters for NTFS (the second partition).

    In the next step, we will copy files from the source to the FAT32 and NTFS partitions on the thumb drive. To be clear, all the files and folders that you are being asked to copy come from your ISO image that you mounted in step 1. You are copying them to either the FAT32 partition (the one labeled "FLASH1") or to the NTFS partition (the one labeled "FLASH2") on your flash drive.

    7) Follow these steps to copy files to your thumb drive:

    ⦁ Copy all files and folders EXCEPT the \sources folder to the FAT32 partition.

    ⦁ Create a folder called sources on the FAT32 partition.

    ⦁ Copy the file \sources\boot.wim to the FAT32 partition \sources folder.

    ⦁ Create a folder called sources on the NTFS partition.

    ⦁ Copy all files and folders from the \sources folder EXCEPT boot.wim to the \sources folder on the NTFS partition.

    At this point, you should have a bootable thumb drive that can be booted from both BIOS and UEFI based systems.

    8) To finish, in File Explorer, right click the drive letter for the ISO image that you mounted in step 1 and choose "Eject". This will unmount the image, much like ejecting a DVD from its drive.

    NOTE: When booting on some UEFI based systems, you may be presented with an option to boot either the FAT32 or the NTFS partition. Choose the FAT32 partition.

    Batch File
    ======

    EDIT: Revised the batch file to automatically add an ei.cfg to the appropriate location

    Code:
    @echo offsetlocal enabledelayedexpansion
    setlocal enableextensions
    cd /d %~dp0
    
    
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: This batch file will allow you to create a Windows installation disk. This can be a flash drive or a HD.  ::
    :: It is designed to create a drive that will boot on either a BIOS or UEFI based system and it is perfectly ::
    :: fine for any files in the installation media to be larger than 4 GB.                                      ::
    ::                                                                                                           ::
    :: Note that Windows 11 is only available in 64-bit editions, while Windows 10 is available in both 32-bit   ::
    :: and 64-bit editions. Since this batch file is perfectly capable of creating dual architecture media it is ::
    :: perfectly suitable for the creation of both Windows 10 and Windows 11 boot media.                         ::
    ::                                                                                                           ::
    :: Originally created December 2020 by HSehestedt and Ztruker                                                ::
    :: Last updated Aug 03, 2022                                                                                 ::
    ::                                                                                                           ::
    :: Version 1.23.06                                                                                           ::
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: Explanation of User Customizable Settings ::                                                                   ::
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::                                                                   ::
    :: Set the variables below to customize the behavior of the batch file.                                           ::
    ::                                                                                                                ::
    :: Important: Values are case sensitive.                                                                          ::
    ::                                                                                                                ::
    :: HideDetails - Set to "Y" to hide the details of every file being copied. Set to "N" or anything other than     ::
    ::    "Y" to show the detailed copy status. May be helpful for troubleshooting.                                   ::
    ::                                                                                                                ::
    :: Partition1Size - This specifies the size in MB to create the first FAT32 partition. Suggestion: 1000 MB        ::
    ::    (roughly 1GB) should be a good value for most situations. Use a number only (no MB after the number). If    ::
    ::    use a customized image with many Windows editions, it's possible that you may need to increase the size of  ::
    ::    this partition.                                                                                             ::
    ::                                                                                                                ::
    :: Part2SizeLimit - Set to either "N" or a numerical value. If you set this to "N", the size of the 2nd           ::
    ::    partition will be unlimited and will be created with all the remaining space not used by partition 1. If    ::
    ::    you would like to limit the size of the partition, specify a size in MB to create this partition.           ::
    ::    Note: 1 GB would be 1000 and 1 TB would be 1000000 (DON'T USE A COMMA IN VALUE!). Limiting the size is      ::
    ::    useful if you want to add other partitions to the drive. For example, I have a flash drive that I can       ::
    ::    install Windows from, but it also has another partition that is BitLocker protected with all my software    ::
    ::    applications, personal documents, etc.                                                                      ::
    ::                                                                                                                ::
    :: Part2FS - This sets the filesystem type to use on the 2nd partition. Either exFAT or NTFS can be specified.    ::
    ::    Set this value to either "NTFS" or "exFAT". CAUTION: This IS case sensitive.                                ::
    ::                                                                                                                ::
    :: Partition1Name - This is the volume label to give the first partition. Since this is a FAT32 partition, the    ::
    ::    volume label is limited to 11 characters.                                                                   ::
    ::                                                                                                                ::
    :: Partition2Name - This is the volume label to give the second partition. If you choose to use exFAT you are     ::
    ::    limited to 11 characters. With NTFS you have up to 32 characters.                                           ::
    ::                                                                                                                ::
    :: PartType - Set to either MBR or GPT. Normally, leave this set to MBR. An MBR partition type will allow for the ::
    ::    greatest compatibility with both BIOS and UEFI based systems. However, it is limited to disks with up to    ::
    ::    2TB in size. If you plan to use a disk larger than 2TB you must specify a GPT partition type. Please be     ::
    ::    aware that doing this will limit compatibility so that it will not work on BIOS based systems.              ::
    ::                                                                                                                ::
    :: AutoDismount - Set this to Y if you want the source ISO image to be automatically dismounted by this batch     ::
    ::    file when it is done running. If you do NOT want the image dismounted, set this to N. NOTE: Technically,    ::
    ::    the image will be dismounted when set to anything other than N.                                             ::
    ::    IMPORTANT: Set this to Y only if the source is an ISO image. If you are pointing to a folder on a drive,    ::
    ::    then this should be set to N.
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    set HideDetails=N
    set Partition1Size=1000
    set Part2SizeLimit=N
    set Part2FS=NTFS
    set Partition1Name=PAR-1-FAT32
    set Partition2Name=PAR-2-%Part2FS%
    set PartType=MBR
    set AutoDismount=N
    
    
    :start
    
    
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: If the user wants to hide the details of files being copied, we append a "/nfl /ndl" to the end     ::
    :: of robocopy commands. By setting a flag to either nothing or to "/nfl /ndl" we can use the same     ::
    :: commands and the variable "flag" at the end of each command will determine how the command behaves. ::
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    if %HideDetails%==Y (
    set flag=/nfl /ndl
    ) ELSE (
    set flag=
    )
    
    
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: Check to see if this batch file is being run as Administrator. If it is not, then rerun the batch file ::
    :: automatically as admin and terminate the intial instance of the batch file.                            ::
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    (Fsutil Dirty Query %SystemDrive%>Nul)||(PowerShell start """%~f0""" -verb RunAs & Exit /B)
    
    
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: End Routine to check if being run as Admin ::
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: We reach this point once the batch file is run as admin ::
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: Change the console mode to 120 columns wide by 25 lines high ::
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    mode con: cols=120 lines=25
    
    
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: Ask user for location of mounted ISO image or the directory containing the Windows files ::
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    cls
    echo Introduction
    echo ============
    echo.
    echo This batch file will create a bootable flash drive from a mounted Windows ISO image or an image extracted to disk.
    echo If you are using an ISO image, mount it before you continue by double-clicking the ISO image and note the drive
    echo letter to which it is mounted.
    echo.
    echo You will be asked if you want to wipe the destination disk or perform a refresh operation. If this is the first
    echo time preparing the disk, use the WIPE option. Be aware that this will destroy ALL data currently on the disk^^!
    echo.
    echo If you choose the REFRESH option, you will be asked for the drive letter of the two partitions previously
    echo created on the disk. We will then replace the files on these partitions with those from the source that you
    echo specify. This is especially helpful if you create additional partitions on the disk because it will leave
    echo those partitions intact.
    echo.
    pause
    cls
    echo Do you want to perform a WIPE operation or a REFRESH operation?
    echo.
    choice /C WR /N /M "Press W or R to respond:"
    if errorlevel 2 set WipeRefresh=REFRESH & goto GetSourcePath
    if errorlevel 1 set WipeRefresh=WIPE & goto GetSourcePath
    
    
    :GetSourcePath
    
    
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: Get the path to the Windows source files.                           ::
    :: Tip: The path can end with or without a backslash (\). For example, ::
    :: either D:, D:\, D:\ISO_Files, D:\ISO_Files\ are all valid paths.    ::
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    cls
    echo Enter the path to the SOURCE where your Windows files are located below. Example: E:\
    echo.
    :GetSourcePath
    set /p SourcePath="Enter source path: "
    
    
    :: Add a trailing backslash (\) if one does not exist
    
    
    IF NOT "%SourcePath:~-1%"=="\" (
    set SourcePath=%SourcePath%\
    )
    
    
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: Any valid Windows boot media will have a file called "boot\bootfix.bin" on the drive. This is true for both ::
    :: single architecture images (x64 or x86) or for images with dual architectures. We will do a simple check to ::
    :: see if such a file exists as a basic test for a valid source image location.                                ::
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    if NOT EXIST %SourcePath%boot\bootfix.bin (
    cls
    echo The location that you specified does not contain a valid Windows image. Please try another location.
    echo If you are specifying a location on disk, please be sure to specify the location to the root of the
    echo Windows image. If you are using an ISO image, you should double-click the ISO image to mount it and
    echo note the drive letter to which it was mounted.
    echo.
    goto GetSourcePath
    )
    
    
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: The directory structure for a dual architecture image (one that has BOTH x64 and x86 images) will include    ::
    :: \x64 and \x86 folders. In order for us to properly handle this, we need to determine if the source specified ::
    :: is a single of dual architecture image. To do so, we will simply check for the existance on a \x64 folder.   ::
    :: The variable Architecture will be set to either SINGLE or DUAL.                                              ::
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    if exist %SourcePath%\x64 (
    set Architecture=DUAL
    ) ELSE (
    set Architecture=SINGLE
    )
    
    
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: If a refresh operation was selected, then we need to ask the user for the drive letter associated ::
    :: with the partitions. Otherwise, we need to identify what disk will be wiped.                      ::
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    If %WipeRefresh%==WIPE goto GetDiskNum
    
    
    :GetPar1Letter
    
    
    cls
    echo Please enter the drive letter of the FIRST partition (the FAT32 partition) on the disk that we will refresh. Please
    echo enter a drive letter only with no colon (:).
    echo.
    set /P Partition1="Drive letter of FIRST partition: "
    
    
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: As a safety check, verify that the first partition has a file \boot\bootfix.bin ::
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    if exist %Partition1%:\boot\bootfix.bin goto GetPar2Letter
    cls
    echo ERROR! Either the drive letter you specified does not exist or it does not seem to contain a previously
    echo created partition with suitable Windows installation files.
    echo.
    echo Please verify that you have specified the correct drive letter.
    echo.
    pause
    goto GetPar1Letter
    
    
    :GetPar2Letter
    
    
    cls
    echo Please enter the drive letter of the SECOND partition (the exFAT or NTFS partition) on the disk that we will
    echo refresh. Please enter a drive letter only with no colon (:).
    echo.
    set /P Partition2="Drive letter of SECOND partition: "
    
    
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: As a safety check, verify that the second partition has either a \Sources or a \x64 folder ::
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    if exist %Partition2%:\Sources goto Par2Valid
    if exist %Partition2%:\x64 goto Par2Valid
    
    
    cls
    echo ERROR! Either the drive letter you specified does not exist or it does not seem to contain a previously
    echo created partition with suitable Windows installation files.
    echo.
    echo Please verify that you have specified the correct drive letter.
    echo.
    pause
    goto GetPar2Letter
    
    
    :Par2Valid
    
    
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: Since we are performing a refresh operation, there is no need for us to get a disk number. We will ::
    :: skip that and proceed to the summary screen.                                                       ::
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    goto Summary
    
    
    :GetDiskNum
    
    
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: Display a list of disks seen by the system. ::
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    cls
    (echo list disk
    echo exit
    ) | diskpart
    
    
    echo.
    echo Above is a list of disks connected to your system. Scroll up if the list is too long.
    echo CAUTION: *MAKE SURE* that you specify the correct disk because it will be erased. Press CTRL-C to abort.
    echo.
    set /p DiskID="Enter the disk number for the DESTINATION disk (Enter only the number and press ENTER): "
    
    
    if [%DiskID%] EQU [] Goto GetDiskNum
    
    
    :Summary
    
    
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: Display a summary of options that will be used and get confirmation ::
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    cls
    echo Summary of options you have selected:
    echo.
    
    
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: These summary items apply to both WIPE and REFRESH operations ::
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    echo Path for the source files: %SourcePath%
    
    
    if %HideDetails%==Y (
    echo File copy status details WILL NOT be displayed
    ) ELSE (
    echo File copy status details WILL be displayed
    )
    
    
    if %AutoDismount%==Y (
    echo The ISO image will be automatically dismounted when we are done with it
    )
    
    
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: The summary items below apply only to WIPE operations, so if a ::
    :: REFRESH is being performed, skip this section                  ::
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    if %WipeRefresh%==REFRESH goto RefreshSummary
    
    
    echo Drive number to make bootable: %DiskID%
    echo Partition type: %PartType%
    echo Partition 1 size: %Partition1Size% MB
    echo Partition 2 filesystem type: %Part2FS%
    
    
    if NOT %Part2SizeLimit%==N (
    echo Partition 2 size: %Part2SizeLimit% MB
    ) ELSE (
    echo Partition 2 size: Use all remaining space
    )
    
    
    echo Partition 1 volume label: %Partition1Name%
    echo Partition 2 volume label: %Partition2Name%
    
    
    goto GetConfirmation
    
    
    :RefreshSummary
    
    
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: These items apply only to a REFRESH operation. ::
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    echo Drive letter of FIRST partition to refresh: %Partition1%:
    echo Drive letter of SECOND partition to refresh: %Partition2%:
    
    
    :GetConfirmation
    
    
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: Time to get final confirmation from user. If the user does not confirm ::
    :: that everything is correct, show some possible resolutions.            ::
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    echo.
    choice /C YN /N /M "Is this correct? (Press Y or N to respond):"
    if errorlevel 2 (
    cls
    echo.
    echo        Symptom                                            Corrective Action
    echo        =======                                            =================
    echo Source path is wrong:                 Run the program again and respond with the correct path
    echo Wrong drive number for a WIPE:        Run the program again and respond with the correct drive number
    echo Wrong drive letters for a REFRESH:    Run the program again and respond with the correct drive letters
    echo File copy status display incorrect:   Change the setting of "HideDetails" at start of program
    echo Wrong partition sizes:                Change the setting of "Partition1Size" or "Part2SizeLimit" at start of program
    echo Wrong volume labels for a WIPE:       Change the setting of "Partition1Name" or "Partition2Name" at start of program
    echo Wrong partition type:                 Change the setting of "PartType" at start of program
    echo.
    pause
    exit
    )
    
    
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: We are creating 2 partions. A FAT32 partition and an exFAT or NTFS partition. We only need the sources   ::
    :: folder on the exFAT or NTFS partition. On the FAT32 partition, we want everything else. We also want the ::
    :: single file called BOOT.WIM in the sources folder on the FAT32 partition.                                ::
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    cls
    if %WipeRefresh%==WIPE echo We are performing the initial partitioning the destination drive to free up any used drive letters.
    if %WipeRefresh%==REFRESH echo We are formatting drives %Partition1%: and %Partition2%:    and copying files. Other partitions will be left alone.
    echo Please be patient^^! This can take a while if your drive is slow.
    echo.
    
    
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: If we are performing a REFRESH, then there are a lot of steps that we can skip. ::
    :: As a result, we will skip to the CopyOperations section.                        ::
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    if %WipeRefresh%==REFRESH goto CopyOperations
    
    
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: We will first wipe the selected disk. This will free up any drive letters currently used by that disk. ::
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    :: NOTE: A problem has been observed recently where the CLEAN command run within DiskPart will fail the first
    ::       time that it is run. It often succeeds the 2nd time, but not always. However, this problem only
    ::       happens when the disk is MBR, not GPT. As a result, we first perform a clean and convert to GPT twice
    ::       and only then do we finally set the disk to the correct type (MBR or GPT) based on user preference.
    
    
    (echo select disk %DiskID%
    echo clean
    echo convert gpt
    echo clean
    echo convert gpt
    echo clean
    echo convert %PartType%
    echo rescan
    echo exit
    ) | diskpart > nul
    
    
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: Ask user for drive letters to assign to the partitions on the destination drive ::
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    :GetPar1DriveLetter
    
    
    cls
    echo Please enter the drive letter to assign to the FIRST partition (the FAT32 partition). Please enter
    echo a drive letter only with no colon (:).
    echo.
    set /p Partition1="Enter the drive letter to assign to Partition #1: "
    
    
    if exist %Partition1%: (
    echo.
    echo That drive letter is already in use. Please choose another.
    echo.
    pause
    goto GetPar1DriveLetter
    )
    
    
    :GetPar2DriveLetter
    
    
    cls
    echo Please enter the drive letter to assign to the SECOND partition (the NTFS partition). Please enter
    echo a drive letter only with no colon (:).
    echo.
    set /p Partition2="Enter the drive letter to assign to Partition #2: "
    
    
    if exist %Partition2%: (
    echo.
    echo That drive letter is already in use. Please choose another.
    echo.
    pause
    goto GetPar2DriveLetter
    )
    
    
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: Prepare the first partition ::
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    cls
    echo The first partition will be assigned drive letter %Partition1%: and will be formatted with FAT32.
    
    
    (echo select disk %DiskID%
    echo create partition primary size=%Partition1Size%
    echo format fs=fat32 quick
    echo assign letter=%Partition1%
    echo active
    echo rescan
    echo exit
    ) | diskpart > nul
    
    
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: Prepare the second partition ::
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    echo The second partition will be assigned drive letter %Partition2%: and will be formatted with %Part2FS%.
    echo.
    
    
    if %Part2SizeLimit%==N goto NoSizeLimit
    
    
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: User has elected to create the second partition with a specific size ::
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    (echo select disk %DiskID%
    echo create partition primary size=%Part2SizeLimit%
    echo format fs=%Part2FS% quick
    echo assign letter=%Partition2%
    echo rescan
    echo exit
    ) | diskpart > nul
    
    
    goto PartitionsCreated
    
    
    :NoSizeLimit
    
    
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: User has elected create the second partition with all remaining space ::
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    (echo select disk %DiskID%
    echo create partition primary
    echo format fs=%Part2FS% quick
    echo assign letter=%Partition2%
    echo rescan
    echo exit
    ) | diskpart > NUL
    
    
    :PartitionsCreated
    
    
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: Set volume labels on the two partitions that we just created. ::
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    label %Partition1%:%Partition1Name%
    label %Partition2%:%Partition2Name%
    
    
    :CopyOperations
    
    
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: This section is for the copy operations from SOURCE to DESTINATION ::
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: Technical Notes:                                                                                                 ::
    ::                                                                                                                  ::
    :: Some flash drives present themselves as a fixed disk and as a result they my have a recyle bin folder on them.   ::
    :: We are excluding the system folders which includes the recycle bin from the following operation. The /njh and    ::
    :: /njs switches prevent robocopy from displaying the header and summary information. If you want to stop robocopy  ::
    :: from displaying file copy progress just add a /nfl /ndl (No File Listing and No Directory Listing) to each       ::
    :: robocopy command. Note that if the user elected to hide details of the copy operation, then the variable "flag"  ::
    :: will be set to "/nfl /ndl" which will hide the directory and file listings.                                      ::
    ::                                                                                                                  ::
    :: For reasons unknown to me, sometimes a path enclosed in quotes does not work in robocopy unless you add a        ::
    :: trailing space. In the below commands I found this to be true only on the first robocopy command but I've added  ::
    :: the space to all commands for consistency. We need the quotes just in case a path with spaces in the name is     ::
    :: specified.                                                                                                       ::
    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    if %Architecture%==DUAL goto DualArchitecture
    
    
    :: Copying files to the FAT32 partition
    
    
    robocopy "%SourcePath% " %Partition1%:\ /mir /xd sources "system volume information" $recycle.bin /njh /njs %flag%
    if %ERRORLEVEL% gtr 3 goto ErrorHandler1
    robocopy "%SourcePath%sources " %Partition1%:\sources boot.wim /njh /njs %flag%
    if %ERRORLEVEL% gtr 3 goto ErrorHandler1
    
    
    :: Copying files to the exFAT or NTFS partition
    
    
    robocopy "%SourcePath%sources " %Partition2%:\sources /mir /njh /njs /xf boot.wim %flag%
    if %ERRORLEVEL% gtr 3 goto ErrorHandler2
    robocopy %Partition1%:\ %Partition2%:\ /mov autounattend*.xml %flag%
    if %ERRORLEVEL% gtr 3 goto ErrorHandler2
    
    
    :: Creating an ei.cfg file. This will allow the user to select the edition of Windows to be installed even if the OEM
    :: BIOS has a signature for a specific edition of Windows.
    
    
    echo [CHANNEL] > %Partition2%:\sources\ei.cfg
    echo Retail >> %Partition2%:\sources\ei.cfg
    
    
    goto DoneCopying
    
    
    :DualArchitecture
    
    
    :: Copying files to the FAT32 partition
    
    
    robocopy "%SourcePath% " %Partition1%:\ /mir /xd sources x64 x86 "system volume information" $recycle.bin /njh /njs %flag%
    if %ERRORLEVEL% gtr 3 goto ErrorHandler1
    robocopy "%SourcePath%x64\sources " %Partition1%:\x64\sources boot.wim /njh /njs %flag%
    if %ERRORLEVEL% gtr 3 goto ErrorHandler1
    robocopy "%SourcePath%x86\sources " %Partition1%:\x86\sources boot.wim /njh /njs %flag%
    if %ERRORLEVEL% gtr 3 goto ErrorHandler1
    
    
    :: Copying files to the exFAT or NTFS partition
    
    
    robocopy "%SourcePath%x64\sources " %Partition2%:\x64\sources /mir /njh /njs /xf boot.wim %flag%
    if %ERRORLEVEL% gtr 3 goto ErrorHandler2
    robocopy "%SourcePath%x86\sources " %Partition2%:\x86\sources /mir /njh /njs /xf boot.wim %flag%
    if %ERRORLEVEL% gtr 3 goto ErrorHandler2
    robocopy %Partition1%:\ %Partition2%:\ /mov autounattend*.xml %flag%
    if %ERRORLEVEL% gtr 3 goto ErrorHandler2
    
    
    :: Creating an ei.cfg file. This will allow the user to select the edition of Windows to be installed even if the OEM
    :: BIOS has a signature for a specific edition of Windows.
    
    
    echo [CHANNEL] > %Partition2%:\x64\sources\ei.cfg
    echo Retail >> %Partition2%:\x64\sources\ei.cfg
    
    
    echo [CHANNEL] > %Partition2%:\x86\sources\ei.cfg
    echo Retail >> %Partition2%:\x86\sources\ei.cfg
    
    
    :DoneCopying
    
    
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: Dismount the disk image ::
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    IF %AutoDismount%==N goto DismountDone
    
    
    :: Strip the backslash from the path
    IF "!SourcePath:~-1!"=="\" SET SourcePath=!SourcePath:~,-1!
    
    
    :: Dismount the image
    powershell.exe -command "Dismount-DiskImage -DevicePath \\.\%SourcePath%" > NUL
    
    
    :DismountDone
    
    
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: Inform the user that we are done. Also, as a precaution, check to see if an ::
    :: unattended setupanswer file is present and warn the user if it is.          ::
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    cls
    echo All operations have been completed.
    echo.
    
    
    if exist %Partition2%:\autounattend.xml (
    echo ^^!CAUTION^^! An unattended setup file ^(autounattend.xml^) is present on the 2nd partition.
    echo As a result, if you boot from this disk, an unattended installation will begin. This has
    echo the potential to wipe out the contents of disks attached to your system without warning.
    echo.
    echo It might be a wise idea to carefully label the bootable media to reflect this situation.
    echo As an alternative, consider temporarily renaming the autounattend.xml to something else.
    echo.
    )
    pause
    
    
    :END
    
    
    exit
    
    
    
    
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    :: Error Handling Routines ::
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    
    
    :ErrorHandler1
    cls
    echo There was an error copying files to partition #1. Please verify that partition #1 has sufficient space available.
    echo Please correct the situation and run the script again. If you are changing the partition sizes, then you will
    echo need to use the WIPE operation to create new partitions with the newly specified sizes.
    echo.
    pause
    goto END
    
    
    :ErrorHandler2
    cls
    echo There was an error copying files to partition #2. Please verify that partition #2 has sufficient space available.
    echo Please correct the situation and run the script again. If you are changing the partition sizes, then you will
    echo need to use the WIPE operation to create new partitions with the newly specified sizes.
    echo.
    pause
    goto END
    Last edited by hsehestedt; 03 Aug 2022 at 22:39.
      My Computers


  10. Posts : 3,510
    Windows 11 Pro, 22H2
       #10

    One more thing: I just edited my previous to reflect this information. I just realized that you would end up with a \Sources folder on both the FAT32 and NTFS partitions. When creating the ei.cfg file, place it in the \Sources folder on the NTFS partition.
      My Computers


 

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