My MSconfig boot tab is empty, and I can't fix it  

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  1. Posts : 30
    Windows 10 Pro
    Thread Starter
       #61

    NavyLCDR said:
    The above steps have the advantage that you will end up with the standard partitions in the standard order on the SSD. You will have to use some reagentc commands to reinstate the Windows Recovery Environment, if you want to, though. Or just delete the recovery partition that will be created and expand the OS partition to fill the empty space.
    Between those 2 choices you mentioned. Which one would you recommend?
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  2. Posts : 18,377
    Windows 11 Pro
       #62

    agiyx said:
    Between those 2 choices you mentioned. Which one would you recommend?
    If you don't have a lot of programs and apps to re-install, I would run with a new, clean install. Also, it doesn't matter how long you use the clean install for, if you change your mind, you can always restore the old image, until you decide you don't need the old image anymore and delete it.

    The way you can tell if the computer is booting from the SSD (after the clean install) is to run:

    Code:
    diskpart
    list disk
    select disk # <- replace # with the actual number for the SSD
    detail disk <- if the computer is booting from the SSD, it will say Boot Disk : Yes
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  3. Posts : 30
    Windows 10 Pro
    Thread Starter
       #63

    NavyLCDR said:
    If you don't have a lot of programs and apps to re-install, I would run with a new, clean install. Also, it doesn't matter how long you use the clean install for, if you change your mind, you can always restore the old image, until you decide you don't need the old image anymore and delete it.
    Ok i will do that :)
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  4. Posts : 18,377
    Windows 11 Pro
       #64

    agiyx said:
    Ok i will do that :)
    See my edit above to determine if the computer is booting from the SSD after the clean install.
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  5. Posts : 30
    Windows 10 Pro
    Thread Starter
       #65

    NavyLCDR said:
    See my edit above to determine if the computer is booting from the SSD after the clean install.
    Btw do i need a new product key?
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  6. Posts : 21,421
    19044.1586 - 21H2 Pro x64
       #66

    agiyx said:
    Btw do i need a new product key?
    No, you don't/won't.
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  7. Posts : 18,377
    Windows 11 Pro
       #67

    agiyx said:
    Btw do i need a new product key?
    Not if you reinstall the same edition of Windows 10 (Home or Pro, etc.) that you had activated on the computer previously. Just skip entering a product key if asked for one (I think the "link" will say "I don't have a product key"). And then pick the same edition of Windows 10 that was installed previously.
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  8. Posts : 41,009
    windows 10 professional version 1607 build 14393.969 64 bit
       #68

    NavyLCDR's clean install should work as planned.

    This method had worked too. If possible give it a try. If it fails then can always clean install / restore.


    format M: /fs:FAT32
    md \EFI\Microsoft\boot
    CD/D M:\EFI\Microsoft\boot
    bootrec /fixboot
    bcdboot c:\windows /s M:/UEFI
    reboot
    It may automatically run Chkdsk.





    Corrected for future viewers:
    format M: /fs:FAT32
    md \EFI\Microsoft\boot
    CD/D M:\EFI\Microsoft\boot
    bootrec /fixboot
    bcdboot c:\windows /s M: /f UEFI
    reboot
    It may automatically run Chkdsk.
    Last edited by zbook; 19 Feb 2021 at 20:26.
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  9. Posts : 18,377
    Windows 11 Pro
       #69

    I don't think bcdboot C:\Windows /s M:/UEFI is a valid command.

    Code:
    C:\Windows\system32>bcdboot /?
    
    Bcdboot - Bcd boot file creation and repair tool.
    
    The bcdboot.exe command-line tool is used to copy critical boot files to the
    system partition and to create a new system BCD store.
    
    bcdboot <source> [/l <locale>] [/s <volume-letter> [/f <firmware>]] [/v]
                     [/vbcd] [/m [{OS Loader ID}]] [/addlast] [/p] [/c]
    
      source     Specifies the location of the windows system root.
    
      /l         Specifies an optional locale parameter to use when
                 initializing the BCD store. The default is US English.
    
      /s         Specifies an optional volume letter parameter to designate
                 the target system partition where boot environment files are
                 copied.  The default is the system partition identified by
                 the firmware.
    
      /v         Enables verbose mode.
    
      /vbcd      Enables BCD logging.
    
      /m         If an OS loader GUID is provided, this option merges the
                 given loader object with the system template to produce a
                 bootable entry. Otherwise, only global objects are merged.
    
      /d         Specifies that the existing default windows boot entry
                 should be preserved.
    
      /f         Used with the /s command, specifies the firmware type of the
                 target system partition. Options for <firmware> are 'UEFI',
                 'BIOS', or 'ALL'.
    
      /addlast   Specifies that the windows boot manager firmware entry
                 should be added last. The default behavior is to add it
                 first.
    
      /bcdclean  Clean the BCD Store. By default, simply removes any duplicate
                 entries in the BCD. Can be followed by 'full'. In this case,
                 each entry is scanned. If the corresponding device for that entry
                 does not exist, the entry is deleted.
    
      /p         Specifies that the windows boot manager firmware entry
                 position should be preserved. If entry does not exist,
                 new entry will be added in the first position.
    
      /c         Specifies that any existing objects described by the template
                 should not be migrated.
    
    Examples: bcdboot c:\windows /l en-us
              bcdboot c:\windows /s h:
              bcdboot c:\windows /s h: /f UEFI
              bcdboot c:\windows /m {d58d10c6-df53-11dc-878f-00064f4f4e08}
              bcdboot c:\windows /d /addlast
              bcdboot c:\windows /p
    bcdboot C:\Windows /s M: /f UEFI would be valid.
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  10. Posts : 30
    Windows 10 Pro
    Thread Starter
       #70

    NavyLCDR said:
    1. Using Macrium Reflect Free, make a backup image of the current C: drive Windows partition only (which I think has already been done). If the entire drive was imaged with all partitions, that is fine too.

    2. Using an 8 GB or larger flash drive that can be erased, and is not the Macrium Reflect Rescue Drive, because you will also need that; make a Windows 10 Installation USB flash drive using Microsoft's Media Creation Tool:
    https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/soft...load/windows10

    3. Boot the computer from the Windows 10 USB flash drive created with the Media Creation Tool. Do a clean install of Windows 10 to the new SSD. Make sure to delete all partitions on the new SSD until it is just one big unallocated space, select the unallocated space and click next during the clean install:
    Clean Install Windows 10

    4. Boot the computer into the newly installed Windows 10 and make sure the computer is booting from the SSD as desired. Now there are two choices:

    a. Just you the clean install of Windows 10. You can re-install Macrium Reflect Free, mount the backup file of your previous Windows 10 to extract and copy data files you need. You will have to re-install all your apps and programs and redo any custom personalization settings.

    or:

    5. Reboot the computer from the Macrium Reflect Rescue USB flash drive. Restore only the C: drive Windows partition from the backup image over the top of the newly installed Windows 10 partition on the SSD. You only want to do the OS partition, not any other partitions.

    6. After you restore only the C: drive Windows partition, then run the utility to fix Windows Boot Problems from Macrium Reflect Rescue.
    Ok so the clean install is done. What are the exact steps now? How do i exactly extract the data from the backup?
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