The latest Windows 10 Insider Preview Build 14316
brought in a ton of new features, including Windows Subsystem for Linux. Aimed at developers, the subsystem is added in the latest test iteration of Windows 10 to allow developers to use Linux utilities without using a VM or a remote system. Windows 10 Anniversary Update
slated for release this summer, will bring the ability to use Bash to run command-line Linux applications. As Microsoft has offered a preview of several features of the Anniversary Update in the latest Build 14316, running Bash on Windows 10 is also one of them.