Windows 10 Won't Boot After 22H2 Feature Update

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  1. Posts : 6,420
    Windows 11 Pro - Windows 7 HP - Lubuntu
       #11

    As you have restarted by the power button, some files may be corrupted.

    Do the basic tasks below for each OS

    Open a CMD window as administrator and type:
    chkdsk c: /f
    It will say your disk is in use and ask if you want to schedule to next start = yes
    Restart
    Pay attention on the results, specially bad blocks, bad clusters, bad sectors etc

    Back to Windows, open a CMD window as administrator and type:
    sfc /scannow

    If it finds any corrupted files, fixing or not, reboot and run again

    Then run
    Dism /Online /Cleanup-Image /ScanHealth
    and
    Dism /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth
      My Computers


  2. Posts : 75
    Windows 10 21H2, Windows 10 20H2
    Thread Starter
       #12

    Megahertz said:
    As you have restarted by the power button, some files may be corrupted.

    Do the basic tasks below for each OS

    Open a CMD window as administrator and type:
    chkdsk c: /f
    It will say your disk is in use and ask if you want to schedule to next start = yes
    Restart
    Pay attention on the results, specially bad blocks, bad clusters, bad sectors etc

    Back to Windows, open a CMD window as administrator and type:
    sfc /scannow

    If it finds any corrupted files, fixing or not, reboot and run again

    Then run
    Dism /Online /Cleanup-Image /ScanHealth
    and
    Dism /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth
    It appears that another issue is that I changed my drive letters in my primary partition. Note I didn't change the drive letter of the secondary Windows 10 partition. I changed it only on my storage hard drives. Now I can no longer boot into my seconday Windows partition. Is there anyway to get back into my secondary partition ? And any way to change drive letters in both partitions without ruining my ability to boot in both installs?
      My Computer


  3. Posts : 75
    Windows 10 21H2, Windows 10 20H2
    Thread Starter
       #13

    Megahertz said:
    You can rebuild the Windows Boot manager on the EFI partition.
    If you have more than one drive attached to the MB, open the case and detach the SATA or power cable of all them, living on only the windows drive.
    I suggest you build the USB Win 11 22h2 installation drive using MCT

    Boot from a Win 10 USB installation drive and at the Windows Setup screen, press Shift+F10 simultaneously to open a command line prompt and type:
    diskpart
    list disk (it will list all drives. Identify the drive number that has windows.)
    select disk n (replace n by the drive number obtained with list disk)
    list par (identify which partition number is the EFI System partition)
    select part k (replace k by the partition number of the EFI System partition)
    format fs=Fat32 quick
    assign letter=w
    List vol (identify the two windows partition letters)
    exit (to exit diskpart)
    bcdboot X:\Windows /s W: /f UEFI (replace X with the primary windows letter found above with list part)
    bcdboot Y:\Windows /d /addlast (replace Y with the secondary windows letter found above with list part)
    diskpart
    select vol W
    remove letter=W
    exit (to exit diskpart)

    Restart
    SO I ran into this issue again. I think it got triggered when I changed drive letters on my boot SSD. I have 3 manually crreated partitions on this drive. It has my main C drive, and my secondary WIndows volume and then my data partition. When I changed the drive letter on my data partition, I guess Windows got confused?

    Anyways, I tried your method but it doesn't work. I still can boot into one partition but not the other one. I guess I need to fix some boot settings on the secondary WIndows install. Not the system EFI partition?
      My Computer


  4. Posts : 6,420
    Windows 11 Pro - Windows 7 HP - Lubuntu
       #14

    @edo101, you're shooting in the dark.
    A data partition can have any letter as long it doesn't have OS system files on it or your OS doesn't have links to take to the drive.
    Drive letters are assigned by the OS. If you boot from one of your Windows it can have a complete different letter (or even none) than when you boot from the other Windows or WinPE.

    Please post a whole window Disk Manager image of ALL your drives. Don't forget to expand the columns so we can read them. How to Post a Screenshot of Disk Management
    If you have a MiniTool or AOMEI Partition use it instead or Windows disk manager.
      My Computers


  5. Posts : 75
    Windows 10 21H2, Windows 10 20H2
    Thread Starter
       #15

    Megahertz said:
    @edo101, you're shooting in the dark.
    A data partition can have any letter as long it doesn't have OS system files on it or your OS doesn't have links to take to the drive.
    Drive letters are assigned by the OS. If you boot from one of your Windows it can have a complete different letter (or even none) than when you boot from the other Windows or WinPE.

    Please post a whole window Disk Manager image of ALL your drives. Don't forget to expand the columns so we can read them. How to Post a Screenshot of Disk Management
    If you have a MiniTool or AOMEI Partition use it instead or Windows disk manager.
    So it seems like the main issue was that Windows kept updating my Nvidia driver. I found this out by being able to boot into Safemode but not outside of safe more. How can I stop Windows from updating my NVidia drivers alone? I tried group policy by using my gfx card hardware ID but it doesnt work.
      My Computer


 

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