Can't Load Into Windows 10 Normally

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  1. Posts : 10
    Windows 10
       #1

    Can't Load Into Windows 10 Normally


    Hello guys, first post here so sorry if I forget to include some things :)

    Yesterday, I booted up my PC and got an error message saying something along the lines of "Reboot and insert a proper boot device". I spent the entire day troubleshooting and I ended the day with this error. The strange part of my problem is that I have this Windows PE USB (more info here) that allows me to boot into Windows.

    Here's a video of me using the Windows PE USB to boot into Windows 10 (sorry about the audio, I forgot to mute it):

    Here is a video of what happens when I try to boot into my PC WITHOUT using a Windows PE USB:

    My windows version number is 10.0.18362 Build 18362.

    What can I do to fix this issue? Let me know if you need any more info from me, thanks!
      My Computer


  2. Posts : 39,972
    windows 10 professional version 1607 build 14393.969 64 bit
       #2

    Code:
    0x000000f  The system cannot find the drive specified


    1) Run HD Tune (free version) (all drives)
    HD Tune website
    Post images into the thread for results on these tabs:
    a) Health
    b) Benchmark
    c) Full error scan

    2) Run Sea Tools for Windows
    long generic test
    Post an image of the test result into the thread
    SeaTools for Windows |
    Seagate

    How to use SeaTools for Windows | Seagate Support US

    3) Open disk management > by default some columns are compressed > widen each Status and Volume > make sure the contents within the parenthesis are in full view and that none of the characters are cutoff > view disk 0 > widen this row as needed so that all of the characters are in full view > post an image into the thread
    Disk Management - How to Post a Screenshot of

    4) Download and install Minitool Partition Wizard > click launch > post an image of the results into this thread
    MiniTool Partition Wizard Free Edition - Free download and software reviews - CNET Download.com
    MiniTool Portable Partition Magic Brings Easier Disk Management

    5) Open administrative command prompt and type or copy and paste:
    6) sfc /scannow
    7) dism /online /cleanup-image /scanhealth
    8) dism /online /cleanup-image /restorehealth
    9) sfc /scannow
    10) chkdsk /scan
    11) bcdedit /enum all
    12) reagentc /info

    13) When these have completed > right click on the top bar or title bar of the administrative command prompt box > left click on edit then select all > right click on the top bar again > left click on edit then copy > paste into the thread

    14) Open administrative command prompt and type or copy and paste: (all at one time)
    Code:
    diskpart
    lis dis
    lis vol
    sel dis 0
    det dis
    lis par
    sel par 1
    det par
    sel par 2
    det par
    sel par 3
    det par
    sel par 4
    det par
    sel par 5
    det par
    sel par 6
    det par
    sel dis 1
    det dis
    lis par
    sel par 1
    det par
    sel par 2
    det par
    sel par 3
    det par
    sel par 4
    det par
    sel par 5
    det par
    sel par 6
    det par
    15) When these have completed > right click on the top bar or title bar of the administrative command prompt box > left click on edit then select all > right click on the top bar again > left click on edit then copy > paste into the thread
      My Computer


  3. Posts : 4,525
    Windows 11 Pro 64-bit
       #3

    Please boot your computer with Windows Setup Media and from Windows Recovery Environment start the Command Prompt.

    Please type below commands into Command Prompt and press Enter key.

    Following commands will repair Master Boot Record (MBR), Boot Sector and BCD Store.


    Code:
    Bootrec /FixMbr
    
    Bootrec  /FixBoot
    
    Bootrec /scanos
    
    Bootrec  /RebuildBcd
      My Computer


  4. Posts : 10
    Windows 10
    Thread Starter
       #4

    zbook said:
    Code:
    0x000000f  The system cannot find the drive specified


    1) Run HD Tune (free version) (all drives)
    HD Tune website
    Post images into the thread for results on these tabs:
    a) Health
    b) Benchmark
    c) Full error scan

    2) Run Sea Tools for Windows
    long generic test
    Post an image of the test result into the thread
    SeaTools for Windows |
    Seagate

    How to use SeaTools for Windows | Seagate Support US

    3) Open disk management > by default some columns are compressed > widen each Status and Volume > make sure the contents within the parenthesis are in full view and that none of the characters are cutoff > view disk 0 > widen this row as needed so that all of the characters are in full view > post an image into the thread
    Disk Management - How to Post a Screenshot of

    4) Download and install Minitool Partition Wizard > click launch > post an image of the results into this thread
    MiniTool Partition Wizard Free Edition - Free download and software reviews - CNET Download.com
    MiniTool Portable Partition Magic Brings Easier Disk Management

    5) Open administrative command prompt and type or copy and paste:
    6) sfc /scannow
    7) dism /online /cleanup-image /scanhealth
    8) dism /online /cleanup-image /restorehealth
    9) sfc /scannow
    10) chkdsk /scan
    11) bcdedit /enum all
    12) reagentc /info

    13) When these have completed > right click on the top bar or title bar of the administrative command prompt box > left click on edit then select all > right click on the top bar again > left click on edit then copy > paste into the thread

    14) Open administrative command prompt and type or copy and paste: (all at one time)
    Code:
    diskpart
    lis dis
    lis vol
    sel dis 0
    det dis
    lis par
    sel par 1
    det par
    sel par 2
    det par
    sel par 3
    det par
    sel par 4
    det par
    sel par 5
    det par
    sel par 6
    det par
    sel dis 1
    det dis
    lis par
    sel par 1
    det par
    sel par 2
    det par
    sel par 3
    det par
    sel par 4
    det par
    sel par 5
    det par
    sel par 6
    det par
    15) When these have completed > right click on the top bar or title bar of the administrative command prompt box > left click on edit then select all > right click on the top bar again > left click on edit then copy > paste into the thread
    Here's HD Tune Health
    Here's HD Tune Benchmark
    Here's HD Tune Full error scan

    Here's Sea Tools for Windows long generic test

    Here's Disk Management

    Not quite sure what you wanted from Minitool Partition Wizard, but here it is

    Here's the command prompt log from the first set of commands
    Here's the command prompt log from the diskpart commands

    For the things that involved hard drives, I only ran tests on the M.2 that Windows 10 is installed on, which is the 1TB 970 Evo Plus. Let me know if you need any more info and if you have any more instructions for me!

    - - - Updated - - -

    FreeBooter said:
    Please boot your computer with Windows Setup Media and from Windows Recovery Environment start the Command Prompt.

    Please type below commands into Command Prompt and press Enter key.

    Following commands will repair Master Boot Record (MBR), Boot Sector and BCD Store.


    Code:
    Bootrec /FixMbr
    
    Bootrec  /FixBoot
    
    Bootrec /scanos
    
    Bootrec  /RebuildBcd
    Didn't seem to work, here is the output for those 4 commands.
      My Computer


  5. Posts : 4,525
    Windows 11 Pro 64-bit
       #5

    At the Command Prompt, type below command as shown and then press Enter:

    Code:
    C:
    At the Command Prompt, type below command as shown and then press Enter:

    Code:
    bcdedit /export C:\bcdbackup
    The bcdedit command is used here to export the BCD store as a file: bcdbackup. There's no need to specify a file extension.

    The command should return the following on screen:
    The operation completed successfully.

    Meaning the BCD export worked as expected.


    At this point, you need to adjust several file attributes for the BCD store so you can manipulate it. At the prompt, execute the attrib commands exactly like this:

    Code:
    attrib c:\boot\bcd -h -r -s
    What you just did with the attrib command was remove the hidden, read-only, and system attributes from the file bcd. Those attributes restricted the actions you could take on the file. Now that they're gone, you can manipulate the file more freely - specifically, rename it.

    To rename the BCD store, execute the ren command as shown:

    Code:
    ren C:\boot\bcd   bcd.old
    Now that the BCD store is renamed, you should now be able to successfully rebuild it.

    Try rebuilding the BCD again by executing the following, followed by Enter:

    Code:
    bootrec /scanos
    bootrec /rebuildbcd
    Restart your computer after rebuilding the BCD store.
      My Computer


  6. Posts : 39,972
    windows 10 professional version 1607 build 14393.969 64 bit
       #6

    1) Diskpart displayed Windows on disk 3 so change the commands in step #14 to: (copy and paste all at one time)

    Code:
    bcdedit /enum all
    reagentc /info
    diskpart
    lis dis
    lis vol
    sel dis 3
    det dis
    lis par
    sel par 1
    det par
    sel par 2
    det par
    sel par 3
    det par
    sel par 4
    det par
    sel par 5
    det par
    2) When these have completed > right click on the top bar or title bar of the administrative command prompt box > left click on edit then select all > right click on the top bar again > left click on edit then copy > paste into the thread

    3) Run Crystal Disk standard edition:
    CrystalDiskInfo Crystal Dew World
    Post images into the thread.


    fixboot > access denied
    scanos > incomplete
    rebuilbcd > incomplete


    4) There are log collectors used in another Ten Forums room.
    Run each V2 and DM and upload results directly into this thread:
    BSOD - Posting Instructions

    5) Make a new restore point:
    Create System Restore Point in Windows 10

    6) Make a free backup image and save the image to another disk drive or the cloud
    Macrium Software | Your Image is Everything
    Backup and Restore with Macrium Reflect

    7) Open administrative command prompt and type or copy and paste:
    8) sfc /scannow
    9) dism /online /cleanup-image /scanhealth
    10) dism /online /cleanup-image /restorehealth
    11) sfc /scannow
    12) chkdsk /scan
    13) wmic recoveros set autoreboot = false
    14) wmic recoveros set DebugInfoType = 7
    15) wmic recoveros get autoreboot
    16) wmic recoveros get DebugInfoType
    17) bcdedit /enum {badmemory}

    18) When these have completed > right click on the top bar or title bar of the administrative command prompt box > left click on edit then select all > right click on the top bar again > left click on edit then copy > paste into the thread


    19) Open administrative command prompt and type or copy and paste:
    chkdsk /r /v C:
    This may take hours to run so plan to run overnight.

    C:\Windows\system32>chkdsk /r /v C:
    The type of the file system is NTFS.
    Cannot lock current drive.

    Chkdsk cannot run because the volume is in use by another
    process. Would you like to schedule this volume to be
    checked the next time the system restarts? (Y/N)

    Type: Y
    reboot


    20) Use the information in this link to find the chkdsk report in the event viewer.
    Copy and paste into notepad > save to desktop > post into the thread using one drive or drop box share link:
    Read Chkdsk Log in Event Viewer in Windows 10 Windows 10 Performance Maintenance Tutorials
    Read Chkdsk Log in Event Viewer in Windows 10
      My Computer


  7. Posts : 10
    Windows 10
    Thread Starter
       #7

    Just wanted to add something that I noticed about my PC. I noticed that my other Windows 10 machines have an "EFI System Partition" that ranges from 100-500 MB in size, but my C drive on my PC that's having this problem does not have an "EFI System Partition". Could this be causing a problem with Windows boot?

    - - - Updated - - -

    FreeBooter said:
    At the Command Prompt, type below command as shown and then press Enter:

    Code:
    C:
    At the Command Prompt, type below command as shown and then press Enter:

    Code:
    bcdedit /export C:\bcdbackup
    The bcdedit command is used here to export the BCD store as a file: bcdbackup. There's no need to specify a file extension.

    The command should return the following on screen:
    The operation completed successfully.

    Meaning the BCD export worked as expected.


    At this point, you need to adjust several file attributes for the BCD store so you can manipulate it. At the prompt, execute the attrib commands exactly like this:

    Code:
    attrib c:\boot\bcd -h -r -s
    What you just did with the attrib command was remove the hidden, read-only, and system attributes from the file bcd. Those attributes restricted the actions you could take on the file. Now that they're gone, you can manipulate the file more freely - specifically, rename it.

    To rename the BCD store, execute the ren command as shown:

    Code:
    ren C:\boot\bcd   bcd.old
    Now that the BCD store is renamed, you should now be able to successfully rebuild it.

    Try rebuilding the BCD again by executing the following, followed by Enter:

    Code:
    bootrec /scanos
    bootrec /rebuildbcd
    Restart your computer after rebuilding the BCD store.
    This is the error I get when I try and type the bcdedit command.
      My Computer


  8. Posts : 4,525
    Windows 11 Pro 64-bit
       #8

    You will have to use Diskpart command to find out the System Reserved partition drive letter.
    The output of the below commands may display the name of the System Reserved partition as only System or ESP.

    Type diskpart and press Enter.
    Type list volume and press Enter.
    Under the label row, find the label System Reserved and note its corresponding Volume number.
    Now type select Volume=N and press Enter, where N is the Volume number you noted earlier.
    Now type assign letter=w and press Enter.
    Type exit and press Enter.
    Type bcdboot C:\Windows /s w: /f ALL and press Enter.


    Please replace partition letter C: with Windows installed partition letter. When computer boots into Windows Recovery Environment (WinRE) environment the drive letter assign to Windows partition may not be C: drive letter because Windows 7, 8 , 8.1 and 10 creates a separate system partition when it's installed from scratch. The system partition contains boot files WinRE assigns the system partition the C: drive letter and the Windows installed partition will be assign any other drive letter usually D: drive letter is assign to Windows installed partition. The Bcdedit /enum | find "osdevice" command can be use to find out the drive letter of the Windows installed partition the output of the Bcdedit command is similar to this osdevice partition=D:. The drive letter after partition= is the drive letter of the Windows partition.
      My Computer


  9. Posts : 10
    Windows 10
    Thread Starter
       #9

    FreeBooter said:
    You will have to use Diskpart command to find out the System Reserved partition drive letter.
    The output of the below commands may display the name of the System Reserved partition as only System or ESP.

    Type diskpart and press Enter.
    Type list volume and press Enter.
    Under the label row, find the label System Reserved and note its corresponding Volume number.
    Now type select Volume=N and press Enter, where N is the Volume number you noted earlier.
    Now type assign letter=w and press Enter.
    Type exit and press Enter.
    Type bcdboot C:\Windows /s w: /f ALL and press Enter.


    Please replace partition letter C: with Windows installed partition letter. When computer boots into Windows Recovery Environment (WinRE) environment the drive letter assign to Windows partition may not be C: drive letter because Windows 7, 8 , 8.1 and 10 creates a separate system partition when it's installed from scratch. The system partition contains boot files WinRE assigns the system partition the C: drive letter and the Windows installed partition will be assign any other drive letter usually D: drive letter is assign to Windows installed partition. The Bcdedit /enum | find "osdevice" command can be use to find out the drive letter of the Windows installed partition the output of the Bcdedit command is similar to this osdevice partition=D:. The drive letter after partition= is the drive letter of the Windows partition.
    I don't see any volume labeled "System Reserved" (https://i.imgur.com/Xo1FXmP.png).
      My Computer


  10. Posts : 4,525
    Windows 11 Pro 64-bit
       #10

    If Windows 10 installed HDD missing a EFI System Reserved partition you can create one by following below instructions.

    Please boot your computer with Windows Installation Media and from Windows Recovery Environment start the Command Prompt.

    From Command Prompt execute below commands one at a time:

    Code:
    Diskpart
    
    List Disk 
    
    Select Disk 0
    
    List Partition
    
    Select Partition X
    
    Shrink desired=100
    
    Create Partition EFI
    
    FORMAT FS=FAT32 LABEL="ESP"
    
    Assign Letter=W
    
    Exit
    
     bcdboot C:\Windows /s W: /f  ALL
    Use "List Disk" command to find out disk number assign to Windows 10 installed drive.

    Replace number 0 zero with disk number assign to Windows 10 installed drive

    Use "List Partition" command to find out Windows 10 installed partition assigned number.

    Replace X letter with Windows 10 installed partition assigned number.

    You may need to replace C: drive letter with Windows 10 installed partition drive letter.

    I have to warn you Diskpart tool is very dangers so please make sure to execute Diskpart command carefully.
      My Computer


 

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