Can't Load Into Windows 10 Normally

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  1. Posts : 39,962
    windows 10 professional version 1607 build 14393.969 64 bit
       #11

    Disk management and Mini Tool displayed GPT partitioning.

    Somehow there were prior modifications as the EFI partition became part of the data partition.
    The reserved partition is normally hidden and was labeled G:

    When available please update the progress with steps in post #6.
      My Computer


  2. Posts : 10
    Windows 10
    Thread Starter
       #12

    FreeBooter said:
    If Windows 10 installed HDD missing a EFI System Reserved partition you can create one by following below instructions.

    Please boot your computer with Windows Installation Media and from Windows Recovery Environment start the Command Prompt.

    From Command Prompt execute below commands one at a time:

    Code:
    Diskpart
    
    List Disk 
    
    Select Disk 0
    
    List Partition
    
    Select Partition X
    
    Shrink desired=100
    
    Create Partition EFI
    
    FORMAT FS=FAT32 LABEL="ESP"
    
    Assign Letter=W
    
    Exit
    
     bcdboot C:\Windows /s W: /f  ALL
    Use "List Disk" command to find out disk number assign to Windows 10 installed drive.

    Replace number 0 zero with disk number assign to Windows 10 installed drive

    Use "List Partition" command to find out Windows 10 installed partition assigned number.

    Replace X letter with Windows 10 installed partition assigned number.

    You may need to replace C: drive letter with Windows 10 installed partition drive letter.

    I have to warn you Diskpart tool is very dangers so please make sure to execute Diskpart command carefully.
    Thanks a lot for this suggestion! My PC is up and running now without the Windows PE USB The only thing I changed in your instructions was that I did the partition shrinking from Windows cause I'm more comfortable using the Disk Partition GUI. I gave the EFI partition about 500MB to be safe and then I ran the commands you provided. Worked great!

    The only kind of problem I have now is that my boot time is about 20 seconds slower than it used to be. Do you know what could be causing this? I even went into the BIOS and turned on MSI Fast Boot, but it's still slower than before. Most of the additional load time is during the BIOS screen, when I see the spinning windows dots on top of the MSI motherboard BIOS logo screen.

    - - - Updated - - -

    zbook said:
    Disk management and Mini Tool displayed GPT partitioning.

    Somehow there were prior modifications as the EFI partition became part of the data partition.
    The reserved partition is normally hidden and was labeled G:

    When available please update the progress with steps in post #6.
    Thanks a lot for all of the help and instructions you've provided! My problem seems to be resolved now, aside from the fact that my boot time is slower than it used to be.
      My Computer


  3. Posts : 39,962
    windows 10 professional version 1607 build 14393.969 64 bit
       #13

    Please post new images of disk management and Mini Tool.

    And when possible post results for the earlier commands.

    The info in this thread may be useful for other viewers.
      My Computer


  4. Posts : 39,962
    windows 10 professional version 1607 build 14393.969 64 bit
       #14

    First scannow:
    Code:
    Windows Resource Protection found corrupt files and successfully repaired them.

    Second scannow:
    Windows Resource Protection did not find any integrity violations.


    bcdedit /enum all
    The boot configuration data store could not be opened.
    The requested system device cannot be found.


    Windows RE status: Disabled
      My Computer


  5. Posts : 10
    Windows 10
    Thread Starter
       #15

    zbook said:
    1) Diskpart displayed Windows on disk 3 so change the commands in step #14 to: (copy and paste all at one time)

    Code:
    bcdedit /enum all
    reagentc /info
    diskpart
    lis dis
    lis vol
    sel dis 3
    det dis
    lis par
    sel par 1
    det par
    sel par 2
    det par
    sel par 3
    det par
    sel par 4
    det par
    sel par 5
    det par
    2) When these have completed > right click on the top bar or title bar of the administrative command prompt box > left click on edit then select all > right click on the top bar again > left click on edit then copy > paste into the thread

    3) Run Crystal Disk standard edition:
    CrystalDiskInfo Crystal Dew World
    Post images into the thread.


    fixboot > access denied
    scanos > incomplete
    rebuilbcd > incomplete


    4) There are log collectors used in another Ten Forums room.
    Run each V2 and DM and upload results directly into this thread:
    BSOD - Posting Instructions

    5) Make a new restore point:
    Create System Restore Point in Windows 10

    6) Make a free backup image and save the image to another disk drive or the cloud
    Macrium Software | Your Image is Everything
    Backup and Restore with Macrium Reflect

    7) Open administrative command prompt and type or copy and paste:
    8) sfc /scannow
    9) dism /online /cleanup-image /scanhealth
    10) dism /online /cleanup-image /restorehealth
    11) sfc /scannow
    12) chkdsk /scan
    13) wmic recoveros set autoreboot = false
    14) wmic recoveros set DebugInfoType = 7
    15) wmic recoveros get autoreboot
    16) wmic recoveros get DebugInfoType
    17) bcdedit /enum {badmemory}

    18) When these have completed > right click on the top bar or title bar of the administrative command prompt box > left click on edit then select all > right click on the top bar again > left click on edit then copy > paste into the thread


    19) Open administrative command prompt and type or copy and paste:
    chkdsk /r /v C:
    This may take hours to run so plan to run overnight.

    C:\Windows\system32>chkdsk /r /v C:
    The type of the file system is NTFS.
    Cannot lock current drive.

    Chkdsk cannot run because the volume is in use by another
    process. Would you like to schedule this volume to be
    checked the next time the system restarts? (Y/N)

    Type: Y
    reboot


    20) Use the information in this link to find the chkdsk report in the event viewer.
    Copy and paste into notepad > save to desktop > post into the thread using one drive or drop box share link:
    Read Chkdsk Log in Event Viewer in Windows 10 Windows 10 Performance Maintenance Tutorials
    Read Chkdsk Log in Event Viewer in Windows 10
    Here's my disk manager (not sure what Disk 2 is).

    Here is the log of the admin command prompt commands (I didn't do a few because I didn't want to change settings like autoreboot now that my PC boots into Windows).

    Here is the Chkdsk report
      My Computer


  6. Posts : 39,962
    windows 10 professional version 1607 build 14393.969 64 bit
       #16

    For disk management please widen status.

    Chkdsk and scannow were good.

    Windows RE is not yet enabled.

    Remove all drives other than the Windows disk drive or detach cables > check boot

    Open administrative command prompt and type or copy and paste:
    reagentc /enable

    (post results into the thread)

    If you decide to upgrade to 2004 remember to detach the drives before upgrading.
      My Computer


  7. Posts : 10
    Windows 10
    Thread Starter
       #17

    zbook said:
    For disk management please widen status.

    Chkdsk and scannow were good.

    Windows RE is not yet enabled.

    Remove all drives other than the Windows disk drive or detach cables > check boot

    Open administrative command prompt and type or copy and paste:
    reagentc /enable

    (post results into the thread)

    If you decide to upgrade to 2004 remember to detach the drives before upgrading.
    Here's the disk management image again.

    How do I enable Windows RE?

    "Remove all drives other than the Windows disk drive or detach cables > check boot", sorry but what does check boot mean here? What would you like me to do?

    This is what happens when I run the reagentc command.
      My Computer


  8. Posts : 39,962
    windows 10 professional version 1607 build 14393.969 64 bit
       #18

    MrPieGaming said:
    Here's the disk management image again.

    How do I enable Windows RE?

    "Remove all drives other than the Windows disk drive or detach cables > check boot", sorry but what does check boot mean here? What would you like me to do?

    This is what happens when I run the reagentc command.


    During a Windows upgrade Windows can install on different drives.
    To prevent this from happening its best to remove any non-Windows drives or detach cables.

    See the command in post #17 to enable Windows RE.

    Also see this tutorial: (option two)

    Enable or Disable Windows Recovery Environment in Windows 10


    During a Windows upgrade Windows can install on different drives.
    To prevent this from happening its best to remove any non-Windows drives or detach cables.

    To test the new EFI partition you only removed the flash drive.
    For the full test remove all of the other drives or detach cables.

    The EFI partition was created.
    It is not located before the data partition.
    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/win...ive-partitions

    Partition layout

    The default partition layout for UEFI-based PCs is: a system partition, an MSR, a Windows partition, and a recovery tools partition.

    diagram of default partition layout: system, msr, windows, and recovery
      My Computer


  9. Posts : 10
    Windows 10
    Thread Starter
       #19

    zbook said:
    During a Windows upgrade Windows can install on different drives.
    To prevent this from happening its best to remove any non-Windows drives or detach cables.

    See the command in post #17 to enable Windows RE.

    Also see this tutorial: (option two)

    Enable or Disable Windows Recovery Environment in Windows 10


    During a Windows upgrade Windows can install on different drives.
    To prevent this from happening its best to remove any non-Windows drives or detach cables.

    To test the new EFI partition you only removed the flash drive.
    For the full test remove all of the other drives or detach cables.

    The EFI partition was created.
    It is not located before the data partition.
    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/win...ive-partitions

    Partition layout

    The default partition layout for UEFI-based PCs is: a system partition, an MSR, a Windows partition, and a recovery tools partition.

    diagram of default partition layout: system, msr, windows, and recovery
    I want to just reinstall Windows but restore all my files and personal data. What is the best way to do this? The two options I'm thinking of right now are to use the System Image feature in the windows 10 control panel or Macrium Reflect (Free edition). The problem I have with the second options is that I don't know which partitions I need to create a Macrium image of in order for me to restore my data properly after installing windows. What I don't want to end up happening is me creating a large backup of my system only to find that I can't restore it properly because of something I forgot to do or neglected to backup. What do you recommend?

    Also I was able to re-enable Windows RE (REAGENTC.EXE: Operation Successful.)
      My Computer


  10. Posts : 39,962
    windows 10 professional version 1607 build 14393.969 64 bit
       #20

    I've not come across the improper order of partitions to know whether you can or cannot expect boot problems.

    You may be able to use third party software such as Mini Tool Partition Wizard.

    To test windows RE see if you can boot into safe mode:

    Boot into Safe Mode on Windows 10
      My Computer


 

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