How to disable data logging in W10 (Guide)

There's been a lot of commotion over W10's privacy terms. I'm sure these methods can change/improve at any time, but here's a guide which should hopefully give you a relatively more private, safe experience, however at the risk of not being able to enjoy some of W10's features.
Link to the full article:

As with any guides like this, you do this at your own risk -- especially if you're an Insider.